While duty, Mark Hinton, head of psychological services at

While
the Military may have the skills and knowledge to succeed anywhere, people need
to understand the transition is hard for certain people because a lot of
Military personnel have a hard time once
they leave the Military due to various anxiety
disorders and traumas they have endured, people may not have the
education and skills needed, so taking a transitional classes before leaving the service is essential.

People knowing the condition of PTSD as
the most common disorder by returning vets, they miss that a lot of returning
vets come home with illnesses such as anxiety disorders and depression rather
than just PTSD.  According to the armed
forces mental health lead in Sussex, the mental health nurse Andy Stubbs would
advise “all mental health professionals to look for the other types of mental
health and not jump straight to PTSD too quickly” (Holmstrom 2013).  It is not only the U.S soldiers that are
having a hard time transition from active duty, Mark Hinton, head of
psychological services at Combat Stress in the UK states that service members
are hesitant to talk about mental health and that they wait until the end to
even start attending health services.

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The Military Pre-separation counseling is
needed for all expectant Military leaving the service.   The Military has employed 1.4 Million
service members, enlisted and officers.  Roughly
84% of service members are made up of the enlisted force, and the rest are
officers, and of that 84 %, only about 4% hold a 4-year college degree (Clemens
2008).  To make the transition easier for
service members, pre-separation counseling was introduced, nowadays it has
become mandatory for all separating service members at least 90 days before
separation attend pre-separation counseling which includes services such as job
counseling, placement services, financial planning, resume writing, and job
interview skill development.  During 2001
the Military held 3,905 separation counseling workshops which included 118,857
Army, and Marine members took part in, but the number of Military service
members separating were 217,717 members. 
Therefor roughly half of Army and Marine service members were getting
the needed education and services they need to re-enter the civilian way of
life.  With the Military way of life, you
move often and because of that professional and social networks are often
developed simply through time spent in one location and are frequently used as
a method of location jobs (Gunn, 2005). 

The transition from the Military to
civilian is challenging for a lot of reasons, which could include the
dissonance between Military and civilian cultures.  For many Military service members, the
transition from the Military back into the civilian life could be seen as
similar to immigrants first arriving in the United States, “the disorientation,
change of status, and a search for identity and meaning.”  The transition back to civilian life has
challenges which include education and finances, which the Military member does
not have the right education to be employed that there specialized Military
training does not translate into a civilian career.

The
transition back to a civilian could be helped by the member finding a purpose,
finding a purpose outside of the Military could help the member have a smooth
transaction, such as engaging in a variety of roles to fill the gap like
becoming involved with the community, finding a sense of belonging.

The number of Military personnel who have
deployed to places like Afghanistan and Iraq is over 2 million since 2001.  For the majority of returning Military member
who is separating and becoming civilians again appear to transition free from
any conditions, but according to Tanielian and Jaycox (2008) “approximately 30%
of returning veterans suffer from PTSD, a mild TBI, or depression”.  While deployed soldiers are taught strategies
of denial and emotional detachment, that when they will help with
combat-related stresses.  But, by the
time they are back at home these detachment methods could hinder their
reintegration back into the civilian world.

In 2009 along with the current
pre-separation counseling Military members receive before they transition back
to the civilian world.   The Military
instituted an additional resource for remote Military members, members who are
overseas which is the Mobile Vet Center (MVC) which goes to remote locations to
provide counseling to Military members, which currently there are 50 MVC’s in
operation (Amdur et al, 2011).

The military may have
the skills and knowledge, but people still need to understand the transition
from the Military back to the civilian way of life is hard for some Military
individuals.  When finally leaving the
Military way of life no matter if it is under your authority or not, taking a
pre-separation briefing is essential for a smooth transition.  Making sure that you understand your
requirements and to receive all the knowledge and understanding you can get
will help get you to have a smooth transition, and a better life outside of the
Military. 

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