We changed the world forever, leading to terrible and

We have always held to the hope, the belief, the conviction that there is a better life, a better world, beyond the horizon.” -Franklin D. Roosevelt. The world is in the midst of a terrible war. The United States, a recently defined superpower, is in the position of making many important decisions involving the future of not only the United States, but the entire world. The future lays on the shoulders of the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, more commonly known as FDR, a valued and trusted President. His main goal was to create an improved, more uniformed world after the war, and to do that he had to keep his alliances with his fellow Allied powers: Britain and the Soviet Union. FDR’s need to keep the alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union made him make poor decisions, changed the world forever, leading to terrible and constrained conditions in many countries.
The Cairo conference occurred in November / December of 1943, attended by the United States’ President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill of Britain, and China’s Chiang Kai-Shek. Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union had refused to make an appearance. One of the central topics discussed at the Cairo conference was the concept of an independent Korea, fully supported by Roosevelt and Churchill. As the conference concluded, the three men decided that after the war Korea would be a free country, saying “The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course emphasis added Korea shall become free and independent” (Cairo Conference, Barry). At the Potsdam conference, it was time for the final decisions to be made. Korea was discussed in more detail, and it was decided that Korea would be divided into two parts in order for the allied powers to watch over it as it became its own independent country. Soviets would get the Northern half of Korea and the United States would get the Southern half. This decision was shocking for many people, as most thought it was not a good idea to let the Soviets in Korea. They also thought it seemed as though Roosevelt was more focused on the United States and Soviet alliance rather than keeping the Soviets out of Korea. What resulted of the division of Korea was the Korean War, which lasted for about 8 years, and involved a war between North Korea and South Korea. Once North and South Korea had been established, it was only a matter of time before the two sides, led by such different governments, would reach a point where they would fight. North Korea and the Soviets invaded South Korea on the 25th of June, 1950. At first the war went badly for the Allies, as the North Korean troops were much more prepared, but eventually the Allies were able to negotiate to a stalemate. The Korean War was terrible and resulted in over two million casualties. It can be concluded that Roosevelt’s Korea decisions was very influential and costly.   
Poland was a dominant topic discussed at the conferences of World War II, but the final agreement came at Yalta. Poland had been attacked by the Germans since the beginning of the war, as they were the first country to fight with Germany, and near the last to stop fighting with them. At the time of Yalta, in 1945, the Soviet Union’s Red Army had just driven the Germans out of Poland and occupied the space. Stalin immediately stepped in with an argument to make Poland part of his territory because as they already knew, the Red Army already occupied Poland. The Soviet Union was the country that kept Poland safe from the Germans. Stalin’s whole country were communists, but the western countries ruled by his fellow men at the conference were non-communist. Of course Stalin wanted Poland to now be communist, but Churchill and Roosevelt disagreed. There was more discussion, and a controversial decision was made: the big three, as they were called, had decided to give Poland its own government, but not a free one. In the agreement they wrote that the government was to be “reorganized on a broader democratic basis” (the Avalon Project). The new government was called the Provisional Polish Government, and it was agreed that there would be democratic style elections eventually. After Yalta, the new polish government was put into the place, but the polish people had no hope of being liberated by the Soviet Union. Their saviors from the Germans were now the ones who were keeping them from being their own country. They were independent, but the soviets had an iron grip on keeping their government communist. Many were unsatisfied with Roosevelt’s performance at the Yalta conference when it came to the issue of Poland. People think that Roosevelt not helping Poland led the country into forty years of communism under the Soviet Union control. Another issue was the rising of mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union. The leaders different views and Stalin’s inability to compromise was beginning to destroy the relationship between the big three. Poland would have their free elections forty years later, and in that election the Solidarity union would win, allowing Poland to break away from Communism.  
The Potsdam conference was held in the summer of 1945, about three months after the surrender of Germany. At the end of the Yalta conference, the three leaders had decided to meet again to discuss the arrangements that were to be put into place when the end of the war finally came. By this time, FDR had sadly passed away and had been replaced by President Harry Truman. The election for the next Prime Minister was also occurring in Britain. In the middle of the conference, Churchill was replaced with Atlee, who was not nearly as knowledgeable and experienced. This resulted in a different dynamic between the three men, leading to disagreements. One of the main topics discussed at the Potsdam conference, was what would happen to Germany after its surrender. At Yalta, Stalin had demanded harsh reparations for Germany as his country had been hit the hardest out of the three of them, but the other two men wanted to be a bit more lenient towards them. Truman wanted to avoid a situation such as the one that resulted because of the Treaty of Versailles. After World War One Germany had faced extremely hard reparations and the country had been thrown into a depression, and Hitler rose to power. Stalin disagreed with Truman, continued to demand a harsh reduction of the nation’s army and navy. Ultimately, they decided to separate Germany into four different allied controlled zones until the new German government was put into place. The zones were to be controlled by Britain, the Soviet Union, The United States, and France. Berlin, the country’s capital city, was part of Soviet Territory. They also decided to decrease Germany’s military for the future. What actually happened from these agreements was similar to what the men had decided. During the cold war, Stalin would try and capture all of Berlin, along with more German territory. On June 21st, 1948, the United States would do an airdrop in order to sustain the citizens of Berlin during an invasion. The distrust between the Soviet Union and the United States had almost reached a breaking point. The Soviet Union had begun to think that the United States and Britain were working against him, and Truman had become sure that he could not trust Stalin. 
It is the end of the war. Germany has been defeated as well as Japan. Poland is in a state of communism, being ruled by the Soviets. Germany has been demilitarized and divided by the four powers occupying its country. Korea is in the midst of a war, and right in the middle of all of it is the U.S. and the Soviet Union. The tension and distrust between the Soviets and the United States of America has reached its breaking point. Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union has finally showed his true colors and is controlling every piece of land he has acquired throughout the war how he wants, despite the promises he has made. Roosevelt is being criticized for his choices, which he made mostly based on the purpose of keeping the Soviet-American alliance. FDR decisions changed the world forever with his role in World War II, causing many nations to be changed, divided, and conquered.


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