Victimization is defined as what occurs after an individual has
been on the receiving end of any type of crime.
Victims often feel further victimized by the way their case is
handled. Some are made to feel that the
crime committed against them is somehow their fault, especially if the investigating
officer handles the interrogation callously or with any innuendo or
implications that the victim could have somehow prevented the crime from
occurring. Sometimes they are not
informed about what’s happening in their case, and property might be kept for
extended time frames as evidence, or in some case, never returned, further
adding to the sense of victimization.
Studies have also
shown that once a person is a victim of a crime, the odds increase that the individual
will again be a crime victim in the future.
According to Siegel (2015), victimization is associated with crime
in the sense that it causes social problems since victimized persons experience
long-term social problems. Victimization also causes stress and anger that
affect people who lack self-control the most, besides prompting revenge.
Therefore, it’s imperative to understand all aspects of victimization so as to
create and implement apposite policies in an effort to reduce repeat and
chronic victimization. Theories of victimization play a significant role in the
study of crime and victimization. Siegel (2015) asserts that some theories of
victimization argue that victims are sometimes responsible for their own
victimization, but this paper provides an explanation about victims can protect
themselves from being victimized. Also, it discusses when and where the rates
of victimization are the highest, including how the ideas of one of the
theories victimization discussed in the Siegel (2015) can be applied to the
study of victimization. Explain how victims can protect themselves from being
victimized. Criminals know very well that human beings are creatures of habit,
and more often than not, they exploit the patterns to commit violent and
non-violent crimes. Therefore, one way in which victims can protect themselves
from being victimized is to prevent habits that make their lifestyles
predicable (Siegel, 2015). In fact, Siegel (2015) recommends that the least
expensive measure involves incorporating “security conscious” habits
into one’s daily routine as well as a lifestyle that make the victim less vulnerable.
Empirical evidence presented by Pratt, Turanovic Fox, and Wright (2014)
highlighted that the presence of vulnerable as well as suitable targets underlies
the routines activity theory that affirms that victims should avoid routines or
lifestyles that make them vulnerable to victimization.
VICTIM’S ROLE IN VICTIMIZATION Silence
perpetuates shame and victimization, often shielding abusers from the consequences
of their actions.