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Explain what the convergence project was intended to achieve and briefly explain the current status of the project

Definition of convergence

In September 2002, the international accounting standards board and financial accounting standards board jointly affirmed their mutual commitment to the convergence of accounting standards internationally. The boards also decided to agree on what convergence means. The convergence is process that contributes to the free flow of global investment and achieves substantial benefits for all capital markets shareholders

The main aim of this project is to eliminate the number of differences between international financial reporting standards and US GAAP. This project which is being done in collaboration with FASB and IASB.

The outcome is to produce a mutual single set of accounting standards to improve the uniformity, comparability, and productivity of financial reports

In the 1990s, the FASB plotted its help for double objectives of joining worldwide accounting measures while proceeding to make strides U.S. GAAP. Opening endeavors concentrated on harmonization fading contrasts among the accounting standards utilized as a part of real capital markets around the world. However, partners understood that working with unique accounting measures prompts excessive complications when conflicting organizations, and hence the thought of synchronization was progressively succeeded with the idea of joining, which means the improvement of a durable arrangement of brilliant, worldwide accounting measures that would be utilized as a part of in any event of real capital markets

It’s hard to disrespect the framework towards the globalization of accounting principles. Global merging speaks to the bearing for future advancement in the book protection scene and furthermore characterizes need of incorporating global economies as the businesses keep on stretching out past borders. Countries and capital markets will keep on becoming more associated. Obviously, numerous countries would support utilizing the bookkeeping measures to which they have become acclimated due to the cost and bother of evolving their bookkeeping language, yet most partners, at any rate, perceive that the proceeding with a pattern of building up a uniform language for money related revealing is to everybody’s greatest advantage. Although the process of one arrangement of high caliber, worldwide accounting measures isn’t a clever thought as it may have its own consequences


The importance of this agreements are as follows

The US Securities and Exchange Commission SEC was considering whether to adopt or allow, IFRS for use by domestic issuers in the United States and gave consideration to the success of the convergence process as part of this assessment

The leaders of the group G20 issued an announcement in 2009 requiring the meeting of accounting norms in the part of countries by 2011. While the first June 2011 deadline has not been met, ensuing G20 gatherings in 2012 and 2013 repeated the responsibility regarding accomplish joining of accounting measures


Some of the Short-term projects that are successfully converged

The greater part of the passing activities requires one of the sheets to overhaul its fundamentals to adjust them with those of the other board. On the other hand, big projects require like Share-based payment, need likewise boards to issue revised standards






Share-based payment


Significantly converged in 2004


Accounting changes


FASB converged on the action of deliberate variations in accounting policy by demanding reviewing application in FAS154, Accounting Changes and error corrections issued in 2005


Segment reporting


IFRS 8 operating segments allotted in 20006


Inventory accounting


FASB converged on the dealing of additional carriage and spoilage in FAS 151, Inventory Costs issues in 2004


Borrowing costs


Reviewed IAS 23, Borrowing costs in 2007


Memorandum of Understanding projects

Except for the three outstanding need MoU ventures, The Accompanying timetable which shows the movement of IASB and the FASB MoU ventures:






Business combination


Mutual necessities for business grouping accounting and non-controlling interests issued in 2008




Individual board has announced improvements significantly line up the revelation necessities and bringing US GAAP accounting requirements closer to IFRSs


Consolidated financial statements(with discovery round off-balance sheet risk )

Concluding phase- IFRS to be  delivered in May 2011

IFRS 10 Consolidated financial statements and IFRS 12 Revelation of interests in additional entities to be published in May 2011. The new-fangled IFRSs improvise the accounting and expose for singular determination entities and significantly align the accounting and disclosure requirements for superior purpose entities with US GAAP


Fair value measurement

Concluding phase- IFRS and FASB revisions to be issued in April 2011

FASB Statements No. 157 Fair Value Measurements issued in 2006. IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement to be issued in April 2011


Post-employment benefits

Concluding phase- IFRS to be delivered in may 2011

Amendments to IAS 19 Employee Benefits to be issued in May 2011


Current Status of the Project

Since the signing of the ‘NORWALK AGREEMENT’ in 2002 by the FASB and IASB, Some outstanding advance has endeavored in convergence effort. Though convergence effort is still in progress even after a decade later without a set timetable for the selection of IFRS in the United States. As already said, both the FASB and IASB jointly issued the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in 2006 to speed up the meeting action. The MoU recognized that short term and long term projects that would bring the most significant improvements to US GAAP and IFRS

In 2010, the boards organized the joint activities as indicated by ventures that called for quick consideration. Most of the short-term projects distinguished in the MoU are either finished, or in conclusion stage, or reassessed as a lower priority project.

Projects falling under the heading of “Short-term Convergence” are limited to those that would address differences outside the extent of an important task, for which convergence sounded an amazing arrangement and has all the earmarks of being achievable for time being, generally by choosing between existing IFRS and U.S. GAAP.

In the present stage, the FASB tended to five Territories:

1)      Inventory costs

2)      Asset exchanges

3)      Account changes

4)      Earnings per share and

5)      Balance sheet clarification

 As of long-term projects, the FASB and IASB current important projects include revenue recognition, leases financial instruments and insurance contracts





Critically discuss the advantages of convergence to both investors and entities that operate globally

Many financial investors specialists expressed that reasonable esteem divulgence for credits and liabilities is helpful data, in any case, that they would lean toward that the data to be given in the references or through other implies, as opposed to as the essential measure in the monetary articulations. Subsequently, to consider the input they got, the FASB has probably chosen to think about three classifications for monetary resources:

A)    Fair value measurement  with all variations in reasonable esteem perceived in net salary(exchange or holding available to be purchased )

B)    Reasonable esteem estimation with changes in reasonable esteem perceived in other extensive pay (contributing with an attention on overseeing danger exposures or expanding all-out return and

C)    Amortized cost subject to an enhanced weakness approach(client financing with capacity to oversee credit hazard by renegotiating money streams with clients) and improved revelations

Pros and Cons-

One of the apparent advantages of single set of high-quality globally accepted accounting standards is that speculators can read an arrangement of money related articulations of any organization, comprehend the monetary outcomes and make correlations with the aftereffects of different organizations, in other words, an expansion in equivalence of money, related proclamations over the globe because of the arrangement of worldwide accounting guidelines. However, keeping in mind the end goal to infer this key favorable position. It is basic that IFRS is connected and implemented on predictable premises among all the countries

on the professional side of the record, the phenomenal achievement has been accomplished in building up a complete arrangement of great IFRS guidelines, in influencing very nearly 100 nations to embrace them, and in getting a meeting in models with critical non-adopters (prominently, the US).

On the Con side. Some of the issues with the present interest of the IASB (and the FASB) with ‘reasonable esteem accounting’. A more profound concern is that there unavoidably will be large differences among nations in the execution of IFRS, which now in danger being hidden by an opposite of consistency. The idea that uniform gauges alone will create uniform money related detailing appears to be susceptible. The reality of the situation will become obvious eventually.



IFRS or a global set of accounting standards is an overwhelming idea that has a few preferences counting more prominent similarity among monetary articulations over the globe and cost reserve funds particularly for multi-national organizations, in any case, these hypothetical preferences must be achieved through the reliable application and implementation of IFRS practice. Not exclusively is there conflicting application and implementation of IFRS across the countries yet in addition, the way that a large portion of the real capitals that claim to be under IFRS’s jurisdiction still have not completely disposed of their national GAAP


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