This great extent. 64 percent of the world’s total

This paper highlights the access to of information in disaster management of SAARC countries. South Asia is a region sensitive to disasters. While almost every country has developed some policy framework and strategies to mitigate and manage disasters in their own remits, trans-boundary cooperation with neighboring countries would be helpful in reduction of disaster.  This paper has made the use of databases, knowledge bases, geographic information systems (GIS), management information systems (MIS), information transfer, and online connectivity possible in the area of disaster management. This paper suggests a model agreement called, “Agreement on Access to Information between SAARC Countries to Manage Disaster”. Which visualizes the use of information in management of disasters by setting up rules and regulation, that may facilitate cooperation among all those in the areas of disaster management in emergency situation. The suggested agreement would benefit the governments, non-government organizations, and institutions working in the areas of disaster. The creation of such agreement will enable the rapid transfer of information, data, knowledge, and online connectivity from top officials to the grassroots organizations, and also among these countries regionally. This Model may be debated, modified, and tested further in the field to suit the national and local conditions. It is hoped that this exercise will result in a viable and practical model for use in management of disasters by SAARC countries.1. Introduction:South Asia is a region diverse in terms of area, population, geography, natural resources, cultural legacy, colonial experience, stage of development as well as system of government. This is  one of the most populous regions of the world, a home of 1.8 billion people, of which more than 70% live in poverty. Although this region has a huge number of natural resources such as water, forest, minerals,productive fertile land and also laborious people, this region remains underdeveloped. One of the biggest reason for that is this region is exposed to all types of hazards and has been coping with their effects for hundreds of years. Particularly flood and cyclone affect this region to a great extent. 64 percent of the world’s total population is  exposed to floods each year in the South Asia Region. Furthermore, within the developing world, South Asia is the second most exposed region to cyclones. Different sorts of geographical as well as  hydro-meteorological hazards such as flood, landslide, drought, cyclone, earthquake, tsunami etc affect this region to a great extent. Table1 shows the recent disasters in the countries of the South Asia Region and the havoc that is caused by them in the human lives.  Access to information has become a major weapon to fight against these natural disasters. In this paper an overview is given on the disaster management where the terms disaster management and  access to information has been defined as well as a correlation between them has been established. In the next section Laws, policies and regulatory commission in SAARC Countries relating to disaster management has been analyzed. The failures of SAARC Disaster Management Center has been pointed out in the next section also a qualitative comparison with other countries as well as organizations has been discussed. The purpose of this paper is manage the disaster in a better  way through access to information and to serve that purpose a model named, “Agreement on Access to Information between SAARC Countries to Manage Disaster” has been established in the recommendation section.  And then at the very end expected results has been discussed and also further improvements  has been proposed.


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