There impressionistic or even diagnostic. We select quantitative research.

There are two types of research

(1) Quantitative Research: Only measurable data are being gathered and analyzed in quantitative research. Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research.

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(2) Qualitative Research: Qualitative research focuses on gathering of mainly verbal data rather than measurements. Gathered information is then analyzed in an interpretative manner, subjective, impressionistic or even diagnostic.

We select quantitative research. Because our research data that we are collected is based only on quantitative research. Quantitative research is like quantitative research technique of business.in which we gather short analyze and interpret data of relevant information. Mostly the organization select this research for solving their current problem

 

Construct

In this questionnaire, there are 6 constructs.

Communication:-

Teaching and learning require communication. Effective classroom communication ensures that learning takes place. Thus, all elements of communication such as verbal and non-verbal communication within the classroom setting should be observed. Reference (Nurzali_Najmi)

·        It is our Independent Variable.

Student Satisfaction:-

Satisfaction is define as being a consequence of the expectations and experience of the subject and /or course. The analysis of students’ Satisfaction with their course of study is an important research area within educational evaluation. Reference (Selby Markham, Dianne Hagan)

·        It is our Independent Variable.

Class Participation:-

Classroom Participation has always been a critical factor in yielding learning outcomes for students and further developing their abilities. Participation allows the student to build on their

Knowledge, demonstrate they have understood the curriculum, develop confidence, and apply theory. Reference (Marija Susak)

·        It is our Independent Variable

Student Assessment:-

In education, the term assessment refers to the wide variety of methods or tool the educators use to evaluate, measure, and document the academic readiness, learning progress, skill acquisition, or educational needs of student. Reference (504 Gateway Time-out)

·        It is our Independent Variable

Social Circle:-

Being connected with social circle enhance our knowledge and improving our performance and increase our academic values.

·        It is our Mediating Variable

Student Performance:-

The students’ academic performance plays a vital role in creating the ?nest quality alumnae who will become leader and manpower of a particular country. Second, Most of the previous studies on academic performance of students focused on such issues like teacher education, class environment, gender difference, teaching style, family educational background and socioeconomic factor. The majority of the researchers in the world applied the GPA to assess the performance of the students. They applied GPA (grade point average) to evaluate performance of the students in a particular semester. Reference (Prof.S.P.Singh, Priya Singh)

·        It is our Dependent Variable

TARGET POPULATION

For this the target papulation is Lahore city Student. The questioner is filled by the target population those who are study in the universities of Lahore.

SAMPLING TECHNIQUE

The sampling techniques are two types.

(1) Probability sampling technique

(2) Non-probability sampling technique.

Non-probability sampling is a sampling technique where the samples are gathered in a process that does not give all the individuals in the population equal chances of being selected. Probability Sampling Method is any method of sampling that utilizes some form of random selection. In order to have a random selection method, you must set up some process or procedure that assures that the different units in your population have equal probabilities of being chosen

 The non-probability sampling techniques use for this research. And the sample size is 200

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