The The UNHCR estimates that more than half ofthe

The present scenery of worldwide refugee camps are the most vulnerable ones, wherethere is not enough food and water in the camps. Refugees are becoming fragile forchronic malnutrition and both of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Mostrefugee camps are not capable of providing sufficient food to their populations andrefugees are often dependent entirely on humanitarian aid. Besides they are sufferingviciously from lack of adequate pure water. The UNHCR estimates that more than half ofthe refugee camps in the world re unable to provide the recommended daily water whichis minimum of 20 liters of water per person per day. For this, refugees are gettingaffected with diseases such as diarrhea and cholera. In most of the camps, only half of thepopulation has access to water taps that are within 200 meters. On the other hand, still30% of refugee camps do not have waste disposal services or latrines. For lack ofadequate housing and shelter, malaria poses a huge threat to adults and children alike inrefugee camps. Especially where refugees live in close quarters without window screensor solid doors and slums. UNHCR has taken several programs to reduce these challenges.Their Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) programs ensure the delivery of water andsanitation services to millions of people in camps, outside of camps and urban settings.UNHCR strives to ensure that all refugees are capable to accessed the life saving andessential healthcare. This can include HIV prevention, reproductive health services, foodsecurity, nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene services. UNHCR and UNAIDS leadthe convening agency for HIV in emergency situations in refugee camps. Except these,they have steps for the improvement of mental health and suicide prevention.United States of America strongly supports the adequate healthcare and sanitation servicein refugee camps. In 2010, the US president signed into law the Affordable Care Act.This law expands health insurance options for refuges. According to this law Refugeefamily with minor children are eligible for the State Federal programs that supportfamilies in particular Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and medicaterefugees who do not qualify for these kinds of programs are eligible for Refugee CashAssistance (RCA) and Refugee Medical Assistance (RMA) for their very first eightmonths in the US. The Office of Refugee Resettlement works to reduce the spread ofdiseases, ensure those are identified and treated, promote preventive heath practices andthat facilitate successful integration. Besides, the US has taken Refugee HealthPromotion Program which is now available to the states. This program provides healthliteracy, access to health, sanitation and emotional wellness services, and even access toaffordable healthcare beyond the initial services provided upon arrival in the UnitedStates.United States of America believes:1. The infrastructure of the camps should be well improved avoiding short term siteplanning and sufficient space should be provided for every family.2. Every country should raise additional domestic funds for health or diversify theirfunding sources and development partners can raise more funds to channel to poorercountries in innovative ways.3. Providing essential components of systems, trained staff and population targets to thesuccess of implementation of a vaccination campaign with the help of a multi-sectoralapproach with commitment of all stakeholders and partners.4. Effective, inclusive and consistent communication with the communities should beincreased so that they can have access to timely, accurate and relevant information inlanguages, formats and via the relevant channels that are culturally appropriate andaccessible for different groups.5. necessary health and sanitation services should be delivered within available resourcesto refugees in a gender sensitive appropriate way without stigma through advocacy andthe provision of cultural mediators and by enforcing when necessary laws and regulationsthat prohibit discrimination.References:http://www.unhcr.org/health.html https://www.acf.hhs.gov/orr/resource/the-us- refugee-resettlement-program- an-overviewhttp://www.who.int/migrants/en/ http://www.uniteforsight.org/refugee-health/module3

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