The National School Security Middle records one of the most noticeably awful cases of school violence to have happened in Beslan, Russia, in 2004, with 350 individuals killed, half of which were children (Enyinnaya, 2016). Violence in school takes place in many areas on the world. However, not many people know about the roots of this issue. The causes of school violence divided into two main factors: subjective factors (using drugs and alcohol, poor educated, personality) and objective factors ( family, community and media).
Firstly, subjective components related to character and knowledge. The youngster frequently has bad behaviour when they abuse drugs or alcohol. Illegal substances contain a lot of materials that bring negative impacts on their brain. They can make consumers do something uncontrollably and unreasonably. Besides, they are angry effectively whenever they see another individual.Therefore, utilizing drugs or liquor when they still go to school can result in school violence. Besides, the lack of education also leads to thinking wrong direction of bullying. They are usually impolite and rude in the way of their behaviour. In addition, people who have poor education tend to delinquency (Maguin & Loeber, 1996) because they do not have knowledge about laws. Another reason which can make a individual or a group is likely to assault another individual is identity characteristics. Their individual characteristics influence their exercises in most circumstances. The deficiency of certain and communication aptitude result in a individual feel separate from their peers. Fundamentally, understudies make a clamor and manhandle of savagery to draw consideration. However, it causes as it were awful their impression for other individuals
The second is environment that impacts on bullying in school. The family has an important role in people’s life. Nowadays, instead of spending time on caring children, parents are busy with their jobs. Hence, teenagers do not have soft skills learned only in family and feel so lonely. Furthermore, children usually model what they see so if kids grow up in family of the community of violence they can be influenced and do the same. This issue will develop into school violence sooner or later. The risk also comes from violence media. The influence of violent games or television programs is remarkable if children watch in long times. They are attracted and imitate characters in games/ television programs. Many researchers indicate that on the average, children spend 28 hours to watch TV a week include more than 812 violent actors on television programs and 20 violent acts showed in cartoons per hour (Beresin, n.d.). This leads to physical force of children in school.
3. Effects of school violence
School violence occurs in many countries on the world with huge consequences. Any instance of crime or violence at school not only affects the individuals involved but also may disrupt the educational process and affect bystanders, the school itself, and the surrounding community (Bidwell, 2014). Victims can bear physical injury in short term but the mental injury is long term.
The first harm of violence in school is suffering in terms of body in some days or some week. Violence casualties could be hit, kicked or throw down on the ground at the low level. This situation does not end immediately, it least many days after thrashing. Even, at high level, they could be killed by weapons. At the moment, families of people who died are indirect victims regard to mental injury.
Secondly, students could impact on their mental health by school violence. According to Hawker and Boulton (2000), the impact sizes were calculated for the affiliation between peer victimization and each frame of maladjustment (discouragement, depression, generalized and social uneasiness, and worldwide and social self-worth) surveyed. The comes about proposed that victimization is most emphatically related to sadness, and slightest emphatically related to uneasiness. There was no prove that victimization is more strongly related to social than to psychological shapes of maladjustment. The pains in mental are long term effect. Moreover, when no one is willing to help victims, they are more and more pessimistic because they must face with lonely. Victims will express some symptoms of depression like loss sleep and unsociable. When not dealing with problem, they tend to suicide to stop their suffering. Another negative influence of school violence on psychological is children could remove school. Children who have been casualties of savagery are more likely to drop out of tall school some time recently graduation than their peers, agreeing to a modern ponder co-authored by a Duke researcher and young ladies who had experienced childhood savagery were 24 percent more likely to drop out, while boys who had experienced viciousness were 26 percent more likely to drop out than their peers (Ogrurn, 2017). In contrast, if they continue to go to school, they will lose concentration on lessons and fail in examinations. While victims can overcome physical injury quickly, they must suffer the psychological injury in long term. In the beginning, they show worry and fear when they go to school. This issue become critical when victims lack of confidence and have depression. They are usually anti-social, keep themselves in safe zone, avoid talking, and feeling worthless. Especially, if victims under pressure in a long period, they could suicide to escape from violence.