The routine. The advent of new technologies like CRISPR

The Human genome is solely
based on four letters. Reading, studying and comparing DNA sequences have
become routine. The advent of new technologies like CRISPR has made editing the
genome very cheap and quick. CRISPR,
which is an acronym for clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat, has
revolutionized the process of gene editing. Even though it was discovered in
1987, scientists and researchers started using it in the late 2000’s.The technology
delivers a precise gene alteration and it is probably by far the most
interesting advances in molecular biology. It has the potential to end the most detrimental diseases like cancer,
Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and scikelcell anemia to name the least. Nonetheless, its
use has revived many previously raised social and ethical issues with humans,
other organisms and the environment. For instance the idea of embryonic
modification and cosmetic therapeutics. This raises an issue as to whether this
is ethical or not. Who will benefit from this? Is it even possible to ignore
the opportunity science has provided us? Can we be more than human and be
limitless to what we can do? It seems obvious that everyone wants to have a
better life but how far can we go? A public discourse on this topic is of
paramount importance.


.Most people believe that gene editing or manipulations is unnatural or
even say it is playing god, but this seems somehow flawed and inconsistent with
the premise they provide. Even though the argument infers that natural is
always good, we have come to see that there are a lot of natural occurrences
that refute the idea. For instance, humans fall ill all the time and the
disease causatives are a part of nature. If we preserved everything in nature
we wouldn’t exist in the first place. We would die of drought, famine, or some

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It is hard to argue that altering genomes
is inherently dangerous because we can’t know all the possible ways it will
affect the person. This argument will fall short because the natural way we as
a human reproduce only has one third of success rate and not to mention most of
them fail during their first month of gestation.

Another concern comes from proponents of germ line
editing.  This is editing sperm cells or
eggs which would introduce inheritable genetic changes at inception. This could
be used to eliminate genetic diseases, but it could also be a way to ensure
that your offspring have blue eyes, say, and a high IQ. Why is this a threat?
Well, selectivity has been under nature’s control which meant, changes were
merely random and a result of a probability. Now that we have the necessary
technology, we can speed up the process of evolution but this might come with
dire consequences and a question might be raised as to who is going to control
it and how we are going to select a heritable trait.  There are 7.9 million children born with a serious genetic defect. There
are millions of dollars spent to treat the diseases and imagine the distraught
the parents had to go through. It is just a pain for everyone. Optimists look
at these problems and the advanced techniques we have and advocate for more
funding for researches to keep things moving in the right direction. When the suffering and death caused by such
terrible single-gene disorders as cystic fibrosis and Huntington’s disease
might be averted, the decision to delay such research should not be made
lightly. A delayed therapy could be just as bad as denying it. This denial
costs human lives, day after day.


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