of Lord of the Flies
of the Flies is a British novel written by William Golding, in 1954. In this
book, author writes a story about a group of
British boy teenagers who were evacuated from England because of the war, but
their airplane crushes and they got stuck on an island without any grown-ups
with them. This book talks about how they try to survive and how boys get split
in two group savagery, and civilization. Author
wants to describe that how a group of young boys try to govern themselves on an
unknown island. Ralph, Jack, Piggy,
Simon, Sam and Eric, and Roger are main characters.
Ralph was walking and trying to
explore the island he meets piggy. Piggy and Ralph talk to each other and they
find out that their plane crushed and they are probably on an island without
grown-ups. Ralph makes fun of Piggy because of his nickname, which is Piggy.
Piggy is fat, he has asthma, he wears spectacles, and he does not want his
nickname repeated. Ralph is pretty excited about exploring the island and
living there for a while, but Piggy is concerned. They want to find everyone
who is on this island. They suddenly find a conch shell in a pool of water. Piggy
knows how it works, how to do to make a trumpet like sound, but he has never blown
in the conch because of the asthma he has. He tries to explain how it works to
Ralph. Ralph blows in it few times finally he becomes able to make a sound.
calls up any other boy that has survived. The first person who comes to Piggy
and Ralph is a littlun named Johnny. A
group of boys having a long cloak also start to appear from middle of the
forest. This is a choir which is led by Jack who says no one is going to come we
need to take care of ourselves. Slowly everyone who has survived assembles on
the beach. Ralph starts to talk and he says they need a chief and some sort of
rules. Boys vote for Ralph to become their chief. In this time Jack gets
humiliated. Ralph makes Jack the leader of choir. Jack, Ralph, and Simon climb
on mountains to find out where they are. They find out that they are on an Island,
and there are pigs they can hunt. First pig Jack wants to kill runs away.
calls boys up for another assembly and he tells everyone that they are on an
island and they are alone without any adults. He says anyone who has the conch
can talk. This rule shows us that Ralph wants civilization and order in
everything. During this assembly suddenly a littlun catches the conch and asks Ralph’s opinion about snake or the beast. This moment is
actual root of all conflict in this story. Ralph says there is not any beast,
but Jack says we are strong and brave enough to kill or hunt the beast. In this
part there are two groups of boys; boys either choose Ralph’s group or Jack’s
group. Ralph says there should be a small signal fire lit on the top of
mountain so that if any ship passes by can recognize them and rescue them. Boys
run up to the mountain and make a huge and uncontrollable fire using Piggy’s
keeps hunting, but he is not able to catch anything. Ralph is busy with making
shelters. Everyone else except Simon plays or swims, but Simon helps Ralph in
making shelters. In this time Jack and Ralph get into an argument because both
of them are very tired and both of them can’t convince each other that each one
them is doing an important task. Meanwhile, a boy called Roger starts bullying
and throwing stones at a littlun named Henry. He makes sure stones don’t hit Henry,
but it is okay with Roger if stones hit Henry.
goes and finds color to paint his face, and starts to do a war dance. He
painted his face because he thinks pigs run away when they see his pink face. He
starts to hunt again, and finally he manages to kill a pig. While he and other
guys are busy with killing pig, the signal fire burns out. Ralph sees a ship in
the sea. He, Simon, and Piggy start to rush up to the mountain top but ship
disappears. Ralph gets so angry and he confronts Jack for letting the signal
fire burn out. Jack gets humiliated but he can’t do anything to Ralph, instead
he smacks Piggy and breaks Piggy’s glasses. Jack apologizes to Ralph for
letting fire burn out.
on Ralph calls boys again for an assembly. He says that boys are not doing what
they said they would do like keeping the signal fire lit, building shelters, or
pouring water in shells. Ralph starts a debate on why are they getting apart,
why they aren’t working as a group anymore. He adds that there is nothing to be
afraid of. Jack snatches the conch and says that littluns are crying because
they are sissies and crybabies, and he says that there is not any beast. Piggy
claims that he agrees with some of the things that Jack said but not all, and
he says that littluns are afraid of each other.
A littlun named
Phil suggests that beast comes from water. This claim terrifies almost
everyone. Another littlun blurts out that it is a ghost. Piggy yells at them
saying they are stupid. Jack tells him to shut up and fights with him over the
conch. Jack tells Ralph to shut up and says that he is not a good chief. Jack
says he is not afraid of the beast and he is brave enough to kill the beast.
tells Piggy and Simon that he wants to give up on being the chief, but Simon and
Piggy convince him not to do that saying that Jack hates Ralph and Piggy and he
would kill both of them.
that night, in the sky an air battle occurs and a dead man with a parachute
falls down nearby top of the mountain on the island. Sam and Eric who were
going to collect firewood for signal fire see this parachute and they think it
is the beast. They ran away from the beast to the boys in the camps to tell
that they had seen the beast. This news terrifies everyone. Jack, Ralph, and
other older boys go to look for beast at a place they have never explored
before, Castle Rock, at the far end of the island.
could not find any beast there so they turned around and started to go to the
mountain top. On their way they stopped to do some hunting, and Ralph got a
taste of it. Then boys did some fun things. One of them pretended to be the pig
while other boys pretended to they are attacking him. This act was quite
violent. It was dark around when they got to the mountain, but Jack insisted to
keep going. Jack, Roger, and Ralph climbed up the mountain in the dark. They
saw the beast and ran back to the shelters, where everyone was.
the beach Jack tries to convince boys to take Ralph out of his chief and instead
vote for him to become the chief, but none of the boys accepted it. Jack gets
humiliated again and says he is not going to play with them anymore.
asks boys anyone wants to go hunting can accompany him. Many of the older boys
join Jack. All of the hunters painted their faces and did war dance. They
killed a pig. Jack and Roger put the head on a stake that they had already dug
into the ground. Jack and his tribe raid Ralph’s group to take fire from signal
fire on the top of mountain. Jack’s tribe invited Ralph’s boys to come to the
feast and also them that they can join Jack’s tribe if they want.
wanders off alone by his own sees the Pig’s heads. Head speaks and says to
Simon that it’s the beast and Lord of the Flies; also he says that beast is not
something they could kill or hunt. The head laughs at Simon and says beast is
inside the boys.
rushes up to the mountain to find out what that dead man with parachute really
is and he sees it. Simon hurries to go to the boys and tell them that beast
does not exist.
and Piggy had gone to Jack’s feast. Everyone was there
except Simon. Most of the boys had joined Jack’s tribe. Jack makes all the boys
do hunting dance and chant, “Kill the Beast. Cut his throat. Spill his blood.”
At this time Simon comes out of the forest to tell everyone that there is not
any beast but a dead man in the parachute, but boys all kill him, even Ralph.
next day Ralph, Piggy, Sam, and Eric wanted to pretend that they were not part
of what happened to Simon. At night Jack’s tribe once again attacked Ralph’s
group to steal Piggy’s glasses so that they can make fire anytime they want.
Piggy, Sam, and Eric had their last meeting with the conch. Piggy held the
conch and said that he wants to go and demand his glasses back. They went to Castle
Rock, but the boys there didn’t allow them in. Jack comes back from the jungle
and has Sam and Eric tied up. Jack and Ralph fought, but Piggy interrupts and
asks boys whether it is better to believe and follow the rules and get rescued,
or to hunt and disobey the rules. While he was talking Roger dislodges a huge
stone that breaks down the conch and kills Piggy. Jack threw his spear at
Ralph, but Ralph ran away. Jack and Roger prepared to torture Sam and Eric.
night while Jack’s tribe were having a feast, Ralph came to talk to Sam and
Eric. Sam and Eric told Ralph he was going to get hunted next day, and also
that Roger had sharpened a stake at both ends.
day during the hunt, Ralph hid in the bushes, but Sam and Eric told Jack where
he was hiding. Jack puts the entire island on fire, and his tribe formed a line
to find Ralph.
Jack sets whole
island on fire and Ralph ran out to the beach where a police officer had just
arrived, investigating the fire.
officer asked few questions from Ralph. Ralph was trying to explain what
happened during the time that they were on this island, but his deep sadness
didn’t let him and he started to sob. When he started sobbing other littluns
also started sobbing. Boys rescued.
of the Flies, William Golding presents his point of view on men. Based on the
time when Golding wrote this book, there was World War II going on and after
that a lot of other wars happened on Earth.