essay will analyse two key events in the roles in women’s health, two
organisations whose roles are to protect the public and compare two job titles who
have to consider professionalism.
the contraceptive pill was developed, women mainly had to rely on men to
provide contraception. The different methods of contraception where very
limited and some highly unreliable, these included; condoms, cap, diaphragm,
withdrawal and the rhythm method. GPs where reluctant to advise or prescribe
contraception this was left to Family Planning Association clinics.
in 1950s the pill first became available in America, only being prescribed for
serve menstrual disorders and not for contraception. In 1961 the pill became
available in the UK on the NHS as a form of contraception, only prescribed by a
doctor, to older married women that already had children, until 1967 when it
became available to all women in the UK.
not until 1974 before Family Planning clinics where allowed to start
prescribing the drug.
brought about a liberation for all women, finally having freedom and control
over their sexual habits.
1967 it was not uncommon for women to have unwanted pregnancies but it was
illegal for women to have abortions unless it was for extreme medical reasons.
So women where left to find their own ways of aborting unwanted pregnancies,
which involved visiting back street abortionists, using coat hangers themselves
or getting family and friends to do it, all of these often led to serious
infections and sometimes led to the death of the women.
the legalisation of abortions was pass and came into effect in the UK in 1968,
making it now legal to have an abortion up to 28 weeks’ gestation. In 1990 the
law was amended to 24weeks gestation, unless the mother met extreme criteria.
led to more freedom for women, which led to a lot of women gaining education
and making their way out into the work place instead of staying home raising
families. More couples started co-habituating.
Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (H.F.E.A) is non-departmental
public body, which regulates and inspect all clinics, which provide IVF,
storage of eggs, embryos, sperm and artificial insemination across the UK.
bill was passed in 1990 but came into effect in 1991; it was the first
statutory body of its kind in the world. The bill gave the HFEA the ability to
regulate clinics, issuing licenses to practices, which they also had the power
to revoke, it they found standards did not meet their expectations. The
licenses are issued for four years at a time and they carry out inspections on
clinics every two years to maintain a high standard of care for the public,
inspection reports are made public.
the bill was changed due to the amount of new technology and changes in ethics
and societal attitudes. The H.F.E.A also regulates research into human embryos.
Care Quality Commission (C.Q.C) is an independent regulator for the Uk, they
regulate and inspect all health and adult social care providers. As established
by the Health and Social care act 2008.
aim is to make sure all care providers meet fundamental standards by inspecting
them regally and making them become part of a register, the inspection finding
are made public, the registration fees fund the CQC. The CQC have the power to
close an organisation down if they feel they are not meeting the necessary
these organisations safe guard the public, by carrying out inspections and
publishing the findings and setting standards to which these providers need to endear
to, we are then aware of the quality of care we expect to receive from these
Midwife Vs Healthcare
Definition of a
midwife: A person, typically a woman, who is trained to assist women in
The roles of a midwife
are to provide quality care to the expectant mother, before, during and after
birth, midwifes provide care across a wide variety of places such as NHS
hospitals, birthing centres, private hospitals, clinics and in the patients
Formal training is need
to become a midwife, three years full time, upon completion of this they need
to register with the nursing and midwifery council and obtaining on going
A midwife is there to
support families through events such as miscarriage, still births and neonatal
abnormities just to mention a few. Midwives are responsible to provide care
plans for expectant mothers and provide education as in needed to new parents
or on subjects such as breast-feeding.
It’s a midwifes responsibility
to work with other health care providers.
primarily work in different areas of NHS hospitals and community settings,
alongside professional healthcare providers such as nurses, midwives, mental
health teams and G.P surgeries.
Duties generally cover
observation of patients, clinical duties, personal care of patients, supplies
and communicating with patients and families. HCA’s always work under the
supervision of a higher authority such as nurses, midwives and doctors.
Healthcare assistants have
a responsibility to act in a professional manner as they have a direct influence
on a patient’s wellbeing. No formal qualification is required to become a HCA.
HCA’s do not have to take on the kind of professional responsibility that a
midwife does, in respect that a HCA is always the responsibility of someone
else and the buck does not stop with them, when something goes wrong. Whereas
midwifes, have to provide a level of professionalism, always being responsible
for their own actions and for the actions of those working under their
supervision, such as HCA’s. Midwives have to maintain certain standards of
practice set out by the Nursing and Midwifery Council or risk losing their
license to practice.