Simona that provided more developmental stimulus for the child

Simona StoianProfessor Jobin PSYCH 720 December 2017Source 1: Research Article This study examined prenatal methamphetamine exposure, the home environment, and the child’s caregiver. The hypothesis was that these factors would negatively impact the child’s behavior at age 5. Methamphetamine use is increasing in the United States population and part of these users are pregnant women. (Carnevale 2011) In 2006, 24% of pregnant women subjected to a drug test came up positive for Meth. (Terplan, Smith, & Kozloski, 2009) In addition to prenatal methamphetamine exposure, the home environment and the child’s primary caregiver also greatly influences the child’s behavior later on in life. Could all three of these factors contribute to behavior problems noticeable when a child is only 5 years of age? Seeking an answer to this question, a study investigated the association that prenatal methamphetamine exposure, the child’s home environment, and the primary caregiver. The participants in this study were 97 methamphetamine exposed children compared to children not exposed. At 30 months, the Infant–Toddler HOME (Caldwell & Bradley, 2001) test was given in the child’s home. This test was used to look for primary needs in the child’s home environment which includes a crib, an adequate amount of groceries, and a baby proof home. Then at 5 years of age a test was given to the child’s primary caregivers which measured the child’s social, emotional, and behavioral problems. The results indicate that children with prenatal methamphetamine exposure are more than twice as likely to develop behavioral problems compared to the children not exposed.( The home environments that provided more developmental stimulus for the child showed a decrease in behavioral problems by age 5, while homes laking in this showed more behavioral problems. Primary caregivers who were younger showed an increase in emotional problems, while those older showed a decrease. In conclusion, the hypothesis was adequately supported. Those children who were exposed to prenatal methamphetamine, poor home environment, and primary caregivers with risk factors, such as young in age, showed problems in the child’s behavior by age 5. However there are limitations, for this study was only for individuals who choose to participate in the questionaries. Source 2: Popular Media Article Past studies by Infant Development, Environment, and Lifestyle, (IDEAL) shows effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure, leads to an increase in anxiety and depression ( The hypothesis were that by age 5 these methamphetamine-exposed children will have a harder time paying attention and be much more aggressive than non-exposed children. The methods were to give the primary caregivers the Child Behavior Checklist when the child was 3 and 5 years old. ( These assessments were compared to children not exposed to methamphetamine as well to see if their behaviors differed from those who were exposed. The primary caregivers of the methamphetamine exposed children reported a higher level of depression and anxiety. At age 5, the caregivers described behaviors of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. ( The exposed children had more signs of behavioral problems by age 5 in comparison to the children who were not exposed to prenatal methamphetamine.  In conclusion, because prenatal methamphetamine use disrupts the frontal cortex; this will lead to attention deficits and behavioral problems. ( Therefore when a child is exposed to this drug he/she is much more likely to develop these problems as young as 5 years of age. Comparison  I believe there many advantages and disadvantages of my research article in comparison to my popular media article. My research article consisted of three different factors contributed to behavioral problems at age 5, while my popular media article consisted of only one. Having only one factor in my popular media article was beneficial for it showed a clear cause and effect. While my research article could raise questions if these three factors will individually affect children’s behavior by age 5, or only if all three are present.  If I only read the research article I would be far more convinced of the consequences that prenatal methamphetamine could have on a child. The home environment and primary caregiver are two big influences on the child’s behavior as well. The research article has a lengthy in depth analysis of these factors, which strengthens the credibility of the article. However, if I were to only read the popular media article I would not have connected these three factors of behavioral problems together. I would solely focus on the prenatal methamphetamine factor. Due to the limited information provided in my popular media article, I would also be very hesitant on the statistics and results offered to me.  It’s crazy how two articles with the same conclusion can have such different format. I believe majority of what other’s read online about this subject is mainly popular media articles. The reason why individuals tend to read more popular media articles than research articles are simply for popular media articles are the easiest to find and read. However, by comparing these two articles I believe the popular media article did a poor job of going into detail and describing just how serious parental methamphetamine is. I will now seek out research articles more often because research articles contain a full analysis of a study leading to an very credible and logical conclusion. This has impacted me into taking the time to look for proper research articles. Although research articles may take longer to find, and are quite lengthly; the content is crucial in understanding the answers to my questions. Source 1: Research Article 2: Popular Media Article


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