Running According to Healthy people 2020 says that in

Running head: HIV AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS 1HIV Among African AmericansJudith OlawaleChamberlain College of NursingNR-222: Health and WellnessFall B, 2017HIV and AIDS among African American in the United StatesAbstractOver the years, HIV has been a health crisis that threatens the well-being of African Americanmen and women across the United States. While African Americans continue to face this severeburden of HIV and AIDS of any racial/ethnic group in the nation, prevention efforts have helpedlead to encouraging decreases in new diagnoses in recent years, driven by tremendousdeclination in new diagnoses particularly among the women of this race to about 25 percent from2010 to 2014 (CDC, 2015). After years of troubling increases, diagnoses also stabilized amongAfrican American gay and bisexual men between 2010 and 2014. Still, young black gay andHIV AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS 2bisexual men account for more new diagnoses than any other group, and HIV continues to affectAfrican American heterosexual women more than women of any other race or ethnicity.HIV and AIDS Diagnoses and Its PrevalenceHIV is Known to be widely spread among African Americans. Gay and bisexual menaccount for a majority of new HIV diagnoses among African Americans. The new diagnosesrevealed that Blacks/African Americans account for a higher proportion of people living withHIV, and those ever diagnosed with AIDS, compared to other races/ethnicities. In 2015, AfricanAmericans accounted for 45% of HIV diagnoses, though they comprise 12% of the USpopulation (CDC, 2015) AIDS is a leading cause of death in African-Americans, especially inyoung women. According to Healthy people 2020 says that in 2014, four times as many blackwomen were diagnosed with HIV than Hispanic women, and 3.5 times as many than whitewomen. The mind boggling question is why is this number so high? Well, this boils down to lackof awareness, distrust and fear. Many black people may be HIV-positive and not know it, so theycontinue to spread the virus and getting sick. In 2012, fewer than 4 in 10 African-Americansliving with HIV were taking medicine for it (ODPHP). Some African-Americans still believe thatHIV is a disease associated with white gay, and that makes it difficult to educate them about HIVor get them to talk about their HIV status.More factors are still considered to foster the prevalence of this disease, and another oneis unprotected sex. Most African-American men and women get HIV when they don’t use acondom or other protection when they have sex with a man. It’s less likely for a black man to getHIV AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS 3HIV from a woman. The huge role played by poverty to deepen this crisis among AfricanAmerican can’t be overemphasized. As a group, African-Americans may be uninsured than otherraces. They may not have access to information, or it may be harder to find support and servicesto help live with HIV or AIDS and related illnesses. Women may feel that they can’t protectthemselves in a sexual relationship when they depend on their partner financially (ODPHP).According to CDC, the number of HIV diagnoses among African American women fell42%, though it is still high compared to women of other races/ethnicities. In 2015, 4,524 AfricanAmerican women were diagnosed with HIV, compared with 1,131 Hispanic/Latino women and1,431 white women. HIV diagnoses among African American gay and bisexual men increased22%. But diagnoses stabilized in recent years, increasing less than 1% since 2010. HIVdiagnoses among young African American gay and bisexual men (aged 13 to 24) increased 87%.But that trend has leveled off recently, with diagnoses declining 2% since 2010 (CDC, 2015).Then in 2015, 17,670 African Americans were diagnosed with HIV in the United States (13,070men and 4,524 women). More than half (58%, 10,315) of African Americans diagnosed withHIV were gay or bisexual men. Among African American gay and bisexual men diagnosed withHIV, 38% (3,888) were young men aged 13 to 24.48% (8,702) of those diagnosed with AIDS inthe United States is African Americans.PreventionsIn 2010, the White House released a National HIV/AIDS Strategy. The NationalHIV/AIDS Strategy was updated to 2020 (NHAS 2020) in July 2015. The strategy includes 3primary goals: Reducing new HIV infections, increasing access to care and improving healthoutcomes for people living with HIV, and reducing HIV-related disparities and health inequitiesHIV AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS 4( HIV is spread only in certain body fluids from a person infected with HIV. Thesefluids are blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. In theUnited States, the most common way to spread HIV is by having sex or sharing injection drugequipment, such as needles, with someone who has HIV. To reduce the risk of HIV infectiondrastically, the use of condoms must be ensured correctly every time someone have vaginal, oral,or anal sex. Above all, total abstinence from sex is the answer. ConclusionAs it’s been known that sex is inevitable due to hormones in our body that willmake one to response to sexual urge. However, strict adherence to those preventions might makeit easier for one no to share in this menace.ReferencesNational HIV/AIDS Strategy: Retrieved from,, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion: Retrieved from, Retrieved from


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