Research task outside of the scanner that consisted of

Research Summary 1    The journal article that I have chosen for this research summary is Neurobehavioral Markers of Resilience to Depression Amongst Adolescents Exposed to Child Abuse. To find this article I used UB’s library resources and searched for a psychology database. I chose PsycINFO and then typed the Journal of Abnormal Psychology into the search engine of the database. Then in the filters I chose a peer reviewed journal and came across this article and it caught my interest. I made sure that the article was indeed peer reviewed, from the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, and contained empirical data. Abuse during childhood has been linked to a higher risk for developing severe depression. This mistreatment is also linked with the early development of and severity of depression in the person who was mistreated as a child. The authors of this study looked at whether high reward reactivity, how well things that have rewarding properties like money, are received by the subject, can be considered an indication of resilience to depression or a sign that the person can avoid developing depression. It is an important study for them to conduct because identifying things that put children who have been abused at risk for developing depression can help them detect this early on, give treatment sooner, and help these children manage their situation as best as possible. The study involved 59 adolescents, of which 21 had abuse in their childhood, participating in an fMRI portion that involved looking at emotional images that were either negative, neutral, or positive in the scanner to be able to study their neurobiological patterns, or the processes occurring in the participants brain. The participants then completed a task outside of the scanner that consisted of observing their physical behavior during a situation that involved reward-processing such as receiving money. They could receive different levels of reward using certain amounts of money, a low amount, no money, or a high amount. During the physical task and the fMRI task, depression symptoms were tested and they were examined again 2 years after the initial test. The researchers found that greater reactivity to the positive images in the scanner and to a positive monetary reward, on the neurobiological and physical or behavioral levels respectively, could possibly be an indicator of resilience to developing depression for the adolescents that had been exposed to abuse in their childhood. This study has helped to back up the current evidence that the level of reactivity to reward is a major player in the cause of depression. The findings of this study have created reason to continue examining the neurobiological factors that play a part in the development of depression in adolescent people that have experienced child abuse. Adolescents who have experienced maltreatment in their past are very vulnerable to mental illness such as depression and would benefit indefinitely from the continual study of these findings.ReferencesDennison, M. J., Sheridan, M. A., Busso, D. S., Jenness, J. L., Peverill, M., Rosen, M. L., & McLaughlin,K.A. (2016). Neurobehavioral markers of resilience to depression amongst adolescents exposed to child abuse. Journal Of Abnormal Psychology, 125(8), 1201-1212. doi:10.1037/abn0000215

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