“Plato’s Allegory of the Cave”Socrates asks someone to imagine a cave with prisoners, who have been in the cave for their entire lives, with their legs and necks shackled by chains, so that the movement of their face is limited, and they can’t see nothing, but the wall and shadows in front of them. This limited movement limits their vision only to the wall, limiting the sight of anything over it. There is also a fire, behind the prisoners, and between the fire and the prisoners, the shadows of many of objects, appear on the wall. Providing a view for the prisoners, and say there was a voice that came from the wall because of the other people. The prisoners would perceive it to be the voices of those shadows. Therefore, the only way for the prisoners to get used with their surroundings is to interpret the shadows, and consider it to be a reality. They start naming each object, and become used to their surroundings.
Socrates then says, what if a prisoner is freed, by someone and is forced to suddenly stand, “Move his neck and made to look towards the fire and the objects whose shadows he had seen before. Wouldn’t all this hurt and confuse him, if someone were to tell him that the shadows he saw earlier were all an illusion.” But what the person, sees now is the reality, and then he becomes curious. This prisoner then goes to see the outside world and sees himself in the presence of the Sun. That person, since he had been in the cave for so long. Had not been accustomed to the searing light of the Sun.