p.p1 very vulnerable state with this disease. The study

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Anorexia nervosa is a very serious disorder, which if left untreated can be fatal. Although not a lot is known for the reasons as to why it develops, a lot of research and interest has gone into seeing if different family environments are related to its development. So far research that has been conducted has been subjective, and most studies have been debunked. Despite the fact that family interactions have not shown to have a direct link to developing anorexia, the subject stays an interest in research regarding anorexia nervosa. One research tried to see if different types of family environments would help with treating patients who suffer from this illness.

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The way families interact with the patient suffering from anorexia is very important during the treatment process, a patients mental state can be swayed by the environment that they are in, this means depending on the environment; distress levels that the patient feels while trying to fight this illness can change. One study has aimed to see how this type of relationship can be used to personalise treatment for the young patients who are in a very vulnerable state with this disease. The study was aimed to help through personalising the treatment process, this is different to other studies conducted which were only trying to find out if different family environments were the cause of a young person developing anorexia.

The study divided families into different classes across the spectrum of different eating disorders. The study used more than 150 young patients ages 18 and under, The height and weight of the percipients were also measured, to calculate their BMI. Percipients and their caregivers took part in an interview as well as questionnaires to assess their lifestyles. The questionnaire used was a self report style that measured expressiveness, independence, conflict, among other things. The results were then used to conduct T-tests and chi-square analyses.

The results showed that families can be split up into three classes: control oriented, system maintenance oriented, and conflict oriented. Each class showed different subtypes of disorders within anorexia nervosa, for example participants with class 1 families were least likely to have co occurring anxiety disorder while participants  in class two families were more likely to have co occurring mood disorder.

The study concluded that although the methods used in the study do not have direct implications into the treatment of youth with anorexia, the information found can be used in future research to help families find more specialised and direct approaches to treating anorexia which can be designed specifically for that patient. 

In conclusion, although it is not yet possible to personalise treatment of anorexia depending on different family environments, more research can be done int the future to develop new and innovative ways in curing anorexia, Pharmacists can also play a role in this, by using the method outlined in the study pharmacists can help gather data from young people suffering from this disease and there families through questionnaires, which in turn will help with future studies.


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