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Economic, social, and political life has put an impact on the United States since 1865. Many events have taken place over that time and has shown a significant impact on American history. The industrial Revolution shaped all aspects of Americans lives, from the economy to politics and to shaping social life itself. Specific regions have become more important when shaping these three issues following the nineteenth-century. 
Before the nineteenth-century many Americans lived in restricted agricultural communities but, when the Industrial Revolution happened many have moved to larger urban places, for an example New York City. This created a huge migration for workers. As we have discussed in class, this has put a rise of unskilled labor. The Industrial Revolution also created a wide spread of very low prices of commodities, which led an end to many agricultural lifestyles in America. The social impact it had on many Americans in the United States was massive. This eventually took many jobs away from workers, which led them to a very difficult lifestyle. As we watched a short documentary in class, Christine Walley and Chris Bobel discussed, An Industrial Family Story. This documentary describes the social issues that occurred during the nineteenth-century. Many industrializations were being shut down, mills were getting closed, and innocent workers were getting tossed out of a job. As Christine Walley describes her fathers experience to us, her father mentions, “They knocked down the mills as if they didn’t care.” The only thing that was left of the mills closing was a paper trail. It was too hard for him to explain to his daughter what exactly happened without being hurt. Once everyone lost everything, jobs, pension, the only way they felt to solve it was to foreclose. We then start to understand the tragedy her dad must have gone through along with thousands of others.
After 1865, America adopted a new economic principle called capitalism. Capitalism is an economic system in which private owners, such as businesses, rather than the government control the country’s state of commerce. The introduction of factory work created a surge of jobs for unskilled laborers in America. Immigrant workers came in from all countries, primarily Asia and Europe, to find jobs. Business owners took advantage of this paying lesser wages to immigrants. Wage labor was then created by unions and factory workers under a capitalist principle, this caused workers to refuse ownership of production to receive fair hourly wages. Capitalist America became large in population and had natural resources, therefore became an economic enterprise, and a global leader in business. In the handouts we were giving during discussion, 1. A Healthy Economy it states, “A new Republican Administration will undertake an intensive program to aid small businesses, including economic incentives and technical assistance, with increased emphasis in rural and urban poverty areas.” 
Politically, after the Industrial Revolution many governmental standpoints on society have changed. Post Civil War, what once was a ongoing issue between a society that relied on slave labor, to now a thriving industrial society with a huge growth in consumer economy. Foreign policy, and international relations, especially those with Japan improved with such changes taking place. Since the country’s efforts were on economic growth at the time, politics in bigger cities were more focused on helping big business make as much profit as possible. Turning away at mis treated workers, and passing laws that favored employer rather than employee. It was this time that workers and their rights became a political movement. It started in the big cities such as New York and Buffalo, but eventually was a national movement. It was not until 1938 the Fair Labor Standards Act was passed which, established a minimum wage, overtime pay, record keeping, and even new child labor regulations. This act helped shape the workforce and is till in affect in todays day and age. Government funded projects to help reduce pollution, education reforms, and also standardized mass transportation were put into affect. These changes were happening nation wide. Federal and State Governments worked together to share federal revenues. 
Regions across the United States are characterized by distinctive politics, societies, and economies. Regions are effected by this by having different stand points on economy, political views, and social movements. For an example New York was very different from Mississippi in many ways. On October 25th, we listened to our guest speakers in class talk about their childhood and how it was like to hear stories from their family members and to live through a hardship of them coming from Shubuta, Mississippi to Albany, New York. One of our guest speakers, Clarence Samuel Johnson told us that his father moved to Albany, New York to find a better life. His life back in Shubuta was very difficult for African Americans. His and his families life was in danger because of the racism. All the speakers compared their life to our required reading, Hanging Bridge by Jason Morgan Ward to be identical and that they did experience the events that occurred in the book. Hearing their stories, gave us a better understanding how life was very different in many states, and that social, political, and economics played a huge role in their society. Another example of this is Chicago, Illinois compared to New York. In Chicago, Illinois, industries were being shut down as many people lost their only income. As previously mentioned, we listened to the documentary of Christine Walley explain her fathers loss of a job at the mills. Whereas New York had several hundreds of flourishing factories and businesses that remain very successful.
Life in the United States, regions have become very important in shaping the economic, social, and political issues since 1865. Socially, Americans were in restricted communities but after the Industrial Revolution, many have moved to larger urban places. Politically, workers and their rights began to create a movement which led the mis treated workers to then passing laws which favored the employer. Economically, the growth of business and Americas emerging economical power helped create capitalism. These regions were distinctively characterized by politics, economy, and society.

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