Outline “The torch has been passed to a new

Outline For JFK Rhetorical Analysis: Slide 2:John F. Kennedy:Born in MassachusettsWent on to graduate HarvardJoined US Naval ReserveElected as 35th President and was sworn in Jan. 20, 1961 Time In Office:High tensions with communist countries during Cold WarSupported Civil Rights Movement, was a DemocratInvolved with Bay of Pigs Invasion, Cuban Missile Crisis, and the “Space Race”Slide 3: Summary:Covered Four Main TopicsFreedomPresident Kennedy emphasized the significance of personal and national freedom that make a democracy. Addressing fights for civil rights, freeing of oppressed countries, and to rid the world of the threat of nuclear warThe importance of freedom clear throughout his speech, such as his reference right at the beginning of the speech referring the election and inauguration as a “celebration of freedom”Poverty and OppressionKennedy addressed a worldwide audience with his calls for nations to come together to lift people out of poverty and free them from oppression. These themes are captured in the famous phrase “trumpet summons us again … struggle against the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease and war itself.”Cold WarThe Cold War was the key international dynamic of the time, pitting the former Soviet Union and its allies against the United States and its western alliesKennedy uses his inaugural speech to warn the Soviets and their allies against pushing the world again to the brink of a possible nuclear warHe also made clear U.S. intentions to protect freedom and democracy in the western hemisphere against the SovietsCall to GreatnessThe speech both started and ended with Kennedy’s call to Americans to rise up to greatness and reach their full potential, both as individuals and as a nation He stated that, “The torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans” to fight for the expansion of democratic freedoms and prosperity throughout the world, and to counter any efforts by others to erode human or civil rights around the world.Slides 4-7: Logos:Kennedy covered the importance and logic of why it was necessary to obtain world peace and avoid war  Kennedy urges “both sides” to help each other through problems rather than letting the issues divide the countriesThe use of repetition helps emphasize this point and make the audience remember that both sides need to unifyStart video at 9:24His inclusion of everyone urges listeners to unite the nations in the hopes to create a world “where the strong are just, and the weak secure, and the peace preserved.”Slides 8&9: Ethos:Virtue, or Cause — the audience believes you share their valuesKennedy speaks of God and Gods importance to him and his life and to the future of the United StatesThis appealed to about 63 percent of Americans, as the 63 percent belonged to a church in 1960, the polls also reported that 95 percent of all Americans believed in GodMany Americans admired the ideals Kennedy was emotionally portraying during his addressDisinterest — not meaning a lack of interest but a lack of biasImpartial by saying “Vice President Johnson, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Chief Justice, President Eisenhower, Vice President Nixon, President Truman, reverend clergy, fellow citizens, we observe today not a victory of party, but a celebration of freedom – symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning – signifying renewal, as well as change.” Kennedy starts with making sure he addresses that he does not want his victory to be solely a victory for the Democratic Party by mentioning who he was up againstKennedy looks to establish himself as a president who values unity over partisanship.Slides 10-12: Pathos:Patriotism — group loyaltyImportant concept during a period when a patriotic spirit was essential to success during the Cold WarHe reminds his audience of their those before them and finds parallels between “the first revolution” and the current generation”born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage.” He refers to the core American value of liberty and this generation’s dedication to the survival of that valueHe also appeals to pathos when he states that his presidential election is actually a “celebration of freedom”, since it is “symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning–signifying renewal, as well as change.” These lines from his address show that he was very emotional about presenting America with a responsibility to spread justice and freedom The Pathetic Ending — emotion works best at the endHe lets the emotion grow gradually by starting with what he intends to accomplish and leads into addressing the American and global audienceDesire or lust — moves the audience from decision to actionHe does this with a simple call to actionSaying, “And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you–ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.”Slide 13: Why I Chose This Speech:Challenged Americans to be less selfish “And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.”Made clear promises to the American peopleSuggested hope for a new era Why I Chose JFK:Favorite president for various reasonsDonated all his salary to charity, when he was president and his congressional salary when he served in the SenateWas a Civil Rights Activist and created the Peace Corps (which helps people across the globe)Responsible for Equal Pay Act, avoided nuclear war through negotiations, & brought US economy out of recession through reformBoth socially smart and book smart


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