Lesbian, public views the LGBT people. It is disheartening

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) issues have continuously triggereddebates and controversies among various individuals across the globe. The rising concernsleading to the differences in opinions regarding LGBT emanate from the point of perceptions,cultural beliefs, religious values and political basis. Due to the dynamics of not accepting theexistence of the LGBT people by some individuals in their communities, the LGBTs have foundit hard to express themselves freely and enjoy equal rights just like a regular citizen should.In some communities, extreme measures have been taken against individuals suspected to be lesbian or gay because of the way the public views the LGBT people. It is disheartening and traumatizing for most of them to come out and express themselves openly. Some have been forced to lead double standards. However, the situation has changed in Brazil and in America where laws and policies have been developed to support and protect the LGBT community. Several states in the United States of America and Brazil have demonstrated recognition and acceptance of the lesbian and gay community through the passing and legalization of same-sex marriages. The governments have issued bans on discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in the workplace and other areas where the lesbians and gays got unequal treatment.One of the policies considered significantly within the LGBT rights is the same-sex marriage. Gay marriage is currently legal both in the United States and Brazil giving the LGBT persons the freedom to decide who they wish to share their life with. In Brazil, same-sex marriages were legalized in 2013 when the country’s national justice council overruled the earlier decision that only allowed same-sex civil unions. The 2013 decision came as a relief to most couples who had the intention of converting their union into a full marriage. In the United States, the Supreme Court’s declaration of the legalization of same-sex marriage in June 2015 did not come as a surprise to many as the push for its legalization had been widely advocated. This ruling made it possible for unions that already existed to be formalized as they received little recognition before the ruling. In addition to the ruling making it possible for same-sex couples to get married, the ruling also made it possible for same-sex marriage couples to enjoy almost all the rights granted to heterosexual married couples. These rights include joint property ownership, income tax, surrogacy, adoption and welfare benefits. In spite of that, in the process of adoption the bias against same-sex marriage couples is evident in the United States as they face a lot of legal challenges compared to the heterosexual couples.  Despite the legal issues, no state can deny a legally married same-sex couple the right to adoption. Also, in the case of a divorce, both couples in a gay marriage have a right to seek custody and visitation privileges for the adopted children. Equality and nondiscriminatory are vital aspects that the gays and lesbians have fought toattain over the years. Both the United States of America and Brazil promote equal treatment andnondiscriminatory of the LGBT people, for instance, in the workplace through the introductionof policies that govern the process of employment and remuneration. Going by the global assumption that America  and Brazil are among the leading liberal countries concerning LGBT policy, all individuals whether gay or heterosexual are treated equally in the employment sector. Both governments prohibit employers from stating a preference for a particular sex or marital status of the preferred candidate for a job. Again, the job applicants are not obligated to reveal their sexual orientation to recruiters. The government agencies have taken the approach to ensure that no individual irrespective of their sexual orientation or gender identity is discriminated. Even with a law in action to protect the lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgenderedpeople in Brazil, they still face difficulties. Firstly, it is not easy for the average LGBT individualto secure a job in Brazil. However, if they do get employed, their career tends to stagnate in thesame position for a length of time as compared to the heterosexual employees in the same job position. As if it is not enough, some gays and lesbians, as well as, bisexuals and transsexuals encounter physical assaults and dismissals in Brazil once they reveal their sexual identity. On the other hand, the United States has stood vehemently against discrimination of any kind in the workplace and other areas of operations. In light of the above, the rights of the lesbians, gays, bisexuals and transgendered persons are slowly being recognized in different countries. The pressure from the international community, particularly the human rights activists, has played a massive role in influencing the advocacy and adoption of LGBT rights across the world. However, the stereotypes, taboos, religious values and cultural practices of different communities may hinder the realization of equality and non-discrimination among all people whether straight or gay. Primarily, the United States and Brazil have portrayed continued progress in protecting the rights of the LGBT community; nonetheless, the policies are not being implemented stringently to serve the intended purposes.

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