Introduction relevance. 3. Thesis statement: Even though BIM has


1.     As the world becomes rapidly advanced
by technologies, the
construction industry is not an exception, but the indicator of leverage change
and innovation technology practices today. The topic of the research is based
on the interconnection of BIM technologies and consolidation of construction projects
accompanied by an improvement of inter-organizational collaboration in the UK. Building
information modeling (BIM) is an overarching concept that involves various
activities in digital Computer Aided Design (CAD), which endorses the building elements
represented in 3D geometric and non-geometric characteristics
(Ghaffarianhoseini et al. 2016, 1048).

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2.     Rationale: New research agendas designated
definitive benefits on the construction industry and current uptake level
associated with the BIM. Moreover, the undertaken SWOT analysis determined the main advantages of BIM, particularly the error
reduction, cost leadership, and central focus on the collaboration among the
building team as the result of alignment and integration during the
construction process (Arayici et al. 2011, 15). As the student following engineering
pathway, the use of BIM platform to minimize complexities of construction
processes and to entirely renovate modern construction design is a matter of
great interest and relevance.

3.     Thesis statement: Even though BIM has
challenges and risks, particularly related to financial capitalization and
affordable housing – problems which the UK faces today that are potentially
impending its effectiveness – it will definitely be a key factor in enhancing construction
project efficiency.


Research questions

1. Why
BIM is exclusive and unique?

2. What clear benefits and limitations are there associated with
the BIM?

3. How will BIM improve cooperation among stakeholders
responsible for the construction?

4. To what extent
UK is ready to BIM adoption?

What improvements could be done on BIM software?


Section 2

     Outline of Main ideas

1.     BIM within the context of AEC (architecture, engineering, and

1.1  The BIM software (Lu et al. 2017,135-137)

1.2. The differentiation of
BIM platform (Goedert,
Asce and Meadati 2008, 513-515)

      1.2.1 Unified characteristics

      1.2.2 Comparative analysis with CAD

      1.2.3 The analysis of quantifiable
performance data from BIM and Non-BIM projects (Barlish and Sullivan 2012,

          2.  The impact of BIM on the construction

               2.1 Clear current benefits (Bryde, Broquetas and Volm
2013, 974-975)

                      2.1.1 Risk management and
mitigation of risks

                      2.1.2 The effects on
collaboration and cooperation among stakeholders

                      2.1.3 A critical review
of BIM for green buildings (Lu et al. 2017, 137-140 )

               2.2 Risks and challenges mitigating its effectiveness
(Ghaffarianhoseini et al. 2016, 1051-1052)

                      2.2.1 Intellectual
property and cyber security

                      2.2.2 UK’s housing crisis

         3. An imperative step to the BIM in the UK
construction industry

                3.1 An explanation of the UK
BIM adoption rate (Ghaffarianhoseini et al. 2016, 1053 )

                3.2 The current
maturity level of UK to adopt BIM (Khosrowshahi
and Arayici 2012, 614-615 )

                      3.2.1 BIM maturity stages

                      3.2.2 Best strategies for

                3.3 Vision for future BIM
implementation and suggestions for the improvement (Khosrowshahi and Arayici 2012, 626-627)







Section 3


Source 1

Ali, John Tookey, Amirhosein Ghaffarianhoseini, Nicola Naismith, Salman Azhar,
Oia Efimova, and Kaamran Raahemifar. 2017. “Building Information Modelling
(BIM) uptake: Clear benefits, understanding its implementation, risks and
challenges.” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 75 (October 2015): 1046–1053. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.083

article was published in a peer reviewed academic journal and was written with a reliable authority in the field. The
main author Ali Ghaffarianhoseini, has a PhD
degree in an Architectural Studies and Engineering at Auckland University of Technology. In conjunction with
teaching Construction and Architecture Engineering courses at Auckland
University of Technology, he is an active researcher focusing on Building
Information Modeling (BIM), Design Computing and Cognition. As a
researcher he is interested in settling construction problems by advancing
foremost technologies. The paper is
objective as it has a prominent critique on BIM that gives insight of corresponding
risks and challenges. The paper also seeks to define
BIM as a concept that should be soon considered as a process, since it has a
potential to offer diverse and inherent benefits. Moreover, this source
exemplifies main argument of insufficient exploitation and ignorance of BIM
investigating the situation in the UK referring to the case study method. In
comparison with (Bryde 2013), this author strives to involve stakeholders,
whilst Bryde states that the features, such as fire rating, U-value, fittings, costs
and carbon can only be implicitly understood by engineers and designers. This
research mainly focused on the motivation of researchers and engineers, and
will be useful in describing the nexus between the BIM and collaborative
advances, as well as non-adoption shortfalls.

Source 2

 Arayici, Yusuf, P. Coates, L.
Koskela, M. Kagioglou, C. Usher, and K. O’Reilly. 2011. “BIM adoption and
implementation for architectural practices.” Structural Survey 29 (1): 7–25.

following article provides a thorough examination of systematic approach for
BIM; evaluates BIM adoption process for re-engineering and mapping the
operational and strategic processes; practices contextual design method to
examine current practice, requirements, and needs via the flow charts. The main
finding of the paper was the correlation of efficiency gained before and after
the BIM adoption revealed after the qualitative and quantitative SWOT analysis.
Therefore, the author justified his thesis of despite
the prolonged period of adoption; the influence of BIM on the construction
efficiency will indemnify it. The lead author of the article Yusuf
Arayici is the Dean of the Faculty of Engineering
at Hasan Kalyoncu University in Turkey who has a PhD degree in a Civil
Engineering at a Salford University in the UK. He participated in a number of
enterprise and research projects, including the EU funded DIVERCITY project,
etc. The journal of Structural Survey where the article was published mostly
oriented for engineers and designers, since it is an International Journal of Building
Pathology and adaptations. In comparison of this source with the others, it has
a well-organized structural content that simultaneously emphasizes all detailed
information and keeps audience concentrated. This article can provide extensive
evidence to the arguments about the BIM adoption as well as a substantial
justification to my research.


Source 3

Goedert, James D., M. Asce, and Pavan Meadati. 2008. “Integrating
Construction Process Documentation into Building Information Modeling.” Journal
of Construction Engineering and Management 134(July): 509–516. DOI:10.1002/9780470432846

     The article
published in an academic peer reviewed journal of Construction Engineering and
Management has a good authority in the field, as the chief author, James D.
Goedert has a years of
construction industrial experience in addition to 25 years at the university  and a PhD degree in a Interdisciplinary Field
of Business Administration at  the
University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Currently, he is a professor in the Durham
School of Construction and Architectural Engineering at the University of
Nebraska-Lincoln, who has more than 40 conference papers, construction journals
and international publications. His research interests include simulation and
modeling, residential design. The article assesses the data collection
characteristic that is incorporated into BIM functions: questions the extension
of BIM identifying an inability to evaluate the outcomes in quantifiable
metrics. To prove his burden, the author identifies two methods used to collect
coordinates for photogrammetry and scanning technologies. Furthermore, he
claims that even the advantages of including 3D scanning and 4D modeling into
BIM operation are evident yet difficult to quantify. To compare, this article
has perceptible language complexities, as it construes detailed information on specific
terminology, due to its intended audience, engineers and specialists. The main
examples of this paper will serve as evidence to the arguments in the
comparative analysis of BIM and other platforms, whilst screens and tables will
be used in BIM software investigation.


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