In the early 1830s, 125,000 Native Americans lived on different parts of American soil. The whites saw the Indians as “aliens” and often feared them. In order to solve this issue they felt that the Natives should be civilized in order to make them as much as alike to white Americans as possible by completely leaving their own belief systems behind and converting to christianity. They also felt it was necessary to learn English, to adopt the White americans economic practices like individual land ownership and other types of properties. In the southern states, many Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek and Cherokee people adopted these traditions and became known as the “Five Civilized Tribes.” The Natives land located in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, Florida and Tennessee, was extremely treasurable. Cotton became a major cash crop, this made the Whites want the Natives land even more and would do almost anything to get it and did not care about how civilized the Natives were. State governments wanted to drive Native Americans out of the South then they joined forces in order to do. Several states passed laws limiting Native American rights and intruding in on their territory. In a few cases, like Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) and Worcester v. Georgia (1832), the U.S. Supreme Court stated that the states don’t have the power or authority to mistreat the Natives and affirmed that the “Five Civilized Tribes” were sovereign nations As the law stated, the Natives negotiated removal treaties peacefully. Andrew Jackson decided to take matters into his own hands, further illustrating his tyrant-like presidency, and continue the maltreatment of the Natives. Andrew Jackson wasn’t on good terms with the Natives since he fought against them in previous wars such as the War of 1812. Jackson threatens, “The fate of your women and children, the fate of your people, to the remotest generation, depend on the issue”. In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, and the act gave the government the power to exchange the Natives land east of the Mississippi River for land to the west that the United States had attained during the Louisiana Purchase also known as present Oklahoma. The Cherokee people divided due to disagreements on whether they should stay and fight or leave and accept money and other peaceful negotiations. In 1835, a few non official representatives of the Cherokee nation created the Treaty of New Echota. The treaty traded all Native land east of the Mississippi for five million dollars, assistance for relocation and recompense for lost property. To the federal government agreed to the treaty immediately, but many of the natives felt cheated. The negotiators did not represent the the official cherokee government. The nation’s principal chief, John Ross, wrote a letter to the U.S. Senate objecting the treaty. “The instrument in question is not the act of our nation, We are not parties to its covenants; it has not received the sanction of our people.” There was Approximately 16,000 Cherokees that signed John Ross’s petition but Congress ignored the letter and approved the treaty. The Trail of Tears resulted in many illnesses such as Whooping cough, typhus, dysentery, cholera and starvation. It is estimated that more than 5,000 Cherokee people lost their lives as a result of the journey. This reflects on Andrew Jackson as a person and how he is practically watching these Natives die after being threatened their lives if they didn’t leave. This depicts the immortality of Andrew Jackson and how he caused the death of thousands of people who were attempting to fit in by completely leaving their lives behind and picking up White American societal ways of living just to be seen as “normal”.