In country in the world to legalize marijuana. Canada

In a study conducted on rats by Dr. Harold Kalant in the 1980s, the results suggest that rodents who were given marijuana as developing rats were more likely to develop cognitive deficits as opposed to older rats given the same substance for the same length of time.As well as these cognitive disadvantages, a report by researchers from Duke University analyzing research by Dunedin found teens who smoke pot regularly were shown to have, on average, a six point drop in intelligence by age 38, putting them 70% lower on the IQ scale than their peers.  They observed that the younger the usage started and the more frequent it was, the greater the subject’s risk of intelligence loss.Marijuana doesn’t just take a toll on your mental health, however. Physical attributes like an increased heart rate and breathing problems are also frequent in habitual marijuana users. While the smoke can put you at risk for lung cancer, your heart is forced to work harder, beating  20-50 beats more per minute and even reaching a speed of double its regular beats per minute. This extra stress takes a toll on the bodies of regular users.More seriously, cannabis has been linked to psychosis and may trigger breaks from reality.  One in four patients being treated for schizophrenia in 2010 were assessed as having a cannabis addiction.  Although this statistic has long been debated since schizophrenics have been known to self medicate using cannabis, the results are still startling.The parliament of Canada has plans to legalize recreational marijuana by as early as Canada Day next year making it the second country in the world to legalize marijuana.  Canada is preceded only by Uruguay who finished legalizing marijuana in late 2013.  The liberal party has made compelling arguments for the decriminalization of marijuana saying that they will ‘keep marijuana out of the hands of children, and the profits out of the hands of criminals’.  Currently, police forces spend somewhere between $2 and $3 billion every year enforcing marijuana laws and the cost of incarcerating an offender was about $113,880 in 2013.  For all of the arrests that are made relating to drug offences, taxpayers are taking a fall.  Legalizing marijuana would drastically cut these numbers and bring in about $7.5 billion in income tax.  “We would tax marijuana, get it out of the hands of organized crime and have that revenue go to the government instead,” says Mike Moffat, an economist and a professor.The black market is another aspect that the legalization of marijuana will hopefully change with time after its legalization.  A paper prepared for the Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation estimated that ‘the illegal trade of marijuana reaps an estimated $7 billion in income annually for organized crime.”  As well as the money going to illegal dealers, the product that is sold on the black market isn’t always safe.  Making marijuana legal would give government run and legal dispensaries strict regulations on the quality and labelling of cannabis, creating a safer product.  Marijuana usage in youth is becoming a more widespread issue, especially with the proposed regulation of recreational use. Even though it is likely that legalizing marijuana for recreational use will bring about a safer product, it is inevitable that it will also become much easier to access. It’s important to educate ourselves on its effects, especially the effects on teenagers who are much more susceptible to them than adults. Dr. Smith said: “I don’t really care if you smoke at 35, but don’t do it when you’re 13 because you’re just setting yourself up for failure.”  

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