In the past decade, the number of people working in UN peace
operations has increased more than ten-fold, from roughly 12,000 to more than
115,000, with a further 12,000 authorized for deployment. The rapid mission
growth and deployment into desperately poor and chaotic situations brought growing
reports of serious misconduct by military and civilian personnel alike. The UN
has undertaken significant efforts since 2004 to build a system for disclosing,
investigating, and punishing crimes. These efforts may be gaining traction:
reported cases of sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers have declined
from their peak of 357 in 2006 to 83 in 2008, although allegations of other
forms of serious misconduct—what the UN calls Category I offenses—appear to
have remained roughly constant at 100 per year. The delegation of Morocco believes that any criminal offence committed by an authorized person/expert
on mission is required to be prosecuted by law before the competent national
courts of the accused.
Morocco is a moderate concern, particularly in major cities and tourist areas.
The Moroccan government does not publish statistics pertaining to crime.
Despite this in December 2016 the Moroccan National Police (DGSN) issued a
public statement indicating that 466,997 people suspected of committing crimes
were arrested during that year. The government of Morocco is
completely against experts committing crime on any of their missions. Yet the
agents on their missions commit horrific crimes and escape law due to their
basic excuse-mission to protect their country. Mohammed Atlassi from Morocco had been socializing themselves with the
Non-Aligned Movement and the African Group-since 1960, Morocco had
provided trained contingents to peacekeeping activities. He also commented that
any criminal activity by experts on missions won’t be accepted by the government
Such crimes affected the credibility of the United
Nations, this is because these experts are really respected and important for
the UN and there should be no deviation from the objectives of the Organization
because of such incidents. The UN has adopted a two-step approach to an upright and effective
criminal righteousness for non-military UN mission personnel. Step one would
accord primary jurisdiction to the sending state/state of nationality, if it meets
relevant conditions regarding extraterritoriality and criminal justice
system performance, and has agreed to prosecute well-founded allegations of
criminal behavior. Step two would assign responsibility for criminal
investigation and prosecution to a collaborative criminal justice mechanism of
the United Nations and the host state, to be stipulated in the mission
mandate passed by the UN Security Council and reinforced by the Status of
Mission Agreement with the host state.
These steps are actions which the UN
have created for mostly all countries, it is mandatory for the countries to follow
these two steps specially (they can also follow other laws and regulations
other than these steps) for dealing with any criminal acts that might be committed
by experts or agents during their missions.
has declared their zero tolerance policy for such serious crimes as sexual
abuse, economic embezzlement and corruption committed by UN officers on a task.
Morocco has also acknowledged the preventive measures form the UN, including
the laws on redeployment training on United Nations standards of conduct and in
mission induction training.