In an alternative. Operation Downfall was the American plan

World War Two, two nuclear bombs were dropped on the mainland of Japan in
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The war in the Pacific Theatre had just ended months
before, and the USA was able to focus its entire military ensemble on taking
islands from Japan. They made it within reach of Japan, and suddenly faced a
pressing issue of how to finish the war. Winston Churchill decided to drop two
nuclear bombs on Japan, effectively ending the war, and ending 90 thousand civilian
lives upon the drops. Naturally, another plan laid next to the nuclear bombings
as an alternative. Operation Downfall was the American plan to invade Japanese
soil, and take the lands by force with boots on the ground. This would have
been disastrous to both America and Japan. Hundreds of thousands of men, on
both sides, would perish in the brutal battles between the two. The reason the
death tolls are estimated so high is due to the Japanese soldiers’ extreme
dedication to their Emperor, who they saw as a god. Surrender was not an
option. The ferocity of the Japanese would have caused the number of casualties
to skyrocket, both military and civilian. Thus, Winston Churchill believed he
was justified in dropping the bombs because it really was the lesser of two

bomb that was used on Japan had major repercussions. One of the most obvious
consequences was nuclear fallout. Over the next four months, the acute effects
of the atomic bombings killed 90,000-146,000 people in Hiroshima and 39,000-80,000
people in Nagasaki; roughly half of the deaths in each city occurred on the
first day. Large numbers of people continued to die from the effects of burns,
radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness and malnutrition
for many months afterward. In both cities, most of the dead were civilians,
although Hiroshima had a sizable military garrison. Another consequence was
dealing with the remaining people alive. In November of 1946, Truman ordered a
more focused study of A-Bomb injuries by a newly founded Atomic Bomb Casualty
Commission (ABCC). It studied a wide range of injuries, including cancer,
shortened life span, and genetic alteration.

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Churchill’s call to drop the atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima definitely
stands as the best decision due to the amount of lives it theoretically saved
in the event of a long-term campaign against the vicious Japanese warriors. Ultimately,
the end of World War Two was going to end with death. Even with the Soviets and
Americans knocking on Japan’s door, surrender simply was not an option for the
Japanese soldiers. To the Japanese soldier “Surrender simply did not exist”, instead he would fight until
“the last drop of blood” spilt from his veins (The Rising
Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945 p.37). With this information, Japanese surrender would not occur until
hundreds of thousands of American, Soviet, and Japanese lives would be taken.
Operation Downfall, The United States’ other solution to the Japanese threat,
involved storming the island and taking key points to take the mainland. This
campaign would last months, and would be a hard-fought, brutal takedown of the
Japanese regime. The Navy Department, based on past experiences with the Japanese
since Pearl Harbor, estimated the total amount of American deaths to be between
1.4 and 4 million, whilst the Japanese would suffer up to 10 million
casualties. Perhaps the atomic bomb wasn’t the most favored option, but with
knowledge of Japanese war codes and the estimated casualties for Operation
Downfall, the choice to bomb Japan stands superior to the others.



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