Globalizations out, ‘globalization helped creating the conditions for the

Globalizations is the increase interaction between people, states and countries, it has social, economic and political influences upon nation, (Albrow, Marvin and Elizabeth King, 1990).  Although Globalizations brings a handful of benefits the rise of interaction between countries leaves them more vulnerable. Transnational criminology studies the linkages between places as well as issues which do not belong exclusively to one place, (Bowling, 2011).  The terror attacks of September 11, 2011 were the topic of a number of narratives and analysis, (Katja Franko, 2013). Terrorism is defined as being the use of violence against civilians for the purpose of intimidation, or to create a climate of fear, (Green and Ward, 2004).  As Calhoun point out, ‘globalization helped creating the conditions for the 9/11 attacks; it shaped how people saw them, and it will itself be influenced for decades to come not just by the attacks but by responses to them’, (Calhoun, 2002).  The events of 9/11 were seen as global events which lead to a ‘global war on terror’, (Katja Frank, 2013). This global war on terrorism is an international militarian comparing enforced by George Bush and the rest of the U.S government, and it was mainly linked with countries associated to Al-Qaeda, (Eric Schmitt and Thom Shanker, 2005). In 2003 president George Bush gave orders to invade Iraq to remove Saddam Hussein from the power and fight terrorist groups as a part of the ‘War on terror’. Abu Ghraib was one of the most notorious prisons in Iraq controlled by the U.S government. It was the center of many critics after photographs were published by the CBS News in April 2004, proving serious violation of the Human Rights, (CBS News, 2004). In this essay we will look at the events which took place at the Abu Ghraib prison. An evaluation of such actions will be given linking it with the ‘War on Terror’ as well as the normalization of torture and crime by nation in war zones.After the fall of Saddam Hussein leadership, the Abu Ghraib prison, twenty miles west of Baghdad started to be used as a detention center, controlled by the U.S army, (Maha Hilal, 2017).”America is the friend of all Iraqi people” was a statement written on sign just outside Abu Ghraib prison. It was there to replaced Saddam’s portrait when the U.S took over as part of the ‘war on terror’, (Maha Hilal, 2017).  This prison had around fifty thousand people, including, men, women and teenagers. The people inside were mainly civilians, who been picked up randomly by military checkpoints, and it is believed that around 70 to 90 percent of the prisoners were mistakenly detained, (Red Cross Report, 2004). Furthermore, there were three distinct groups inside the prison: the called common criminals;  suspects of crime against the coalition and a small number of suspects of the defiance against the coalitions forces, (Seymour M. Hersh, 2004). In 2004 photos the CBS News published photographs documenting extensive torture, from prisoners on leashes to prisoners standing in crucifixion postres, (CBS News, 2004). The abuse received a widespread of public attention. Both in and out the United States the citizens were astonished and disgusted by the action of the U.S army, (CBS News, 2004). It was Abu Ghraib prison that introduced the world to the violence and results of the ‘war on terror’, (Maha Hilal, 2017). Major General Antonio M. Taguba wrote a fifty-three-page report which was not meant for the public but ended up being published by the New Yorker, on what happened inside the Abu Ghraib prison, (Seymour M. Hersh, 2004). Taguba concluded that, the institutional failures made by the Army prison system were critical and devastating, (Seymour M. Hersh, 2004) Furthermore, Taguba found proof of some of the most horrifying actions, such as: Breaking chemical lights and pouring the phosphoric liquid on detainees; threatening male detainees with rape; sodomizing a detainee with a chemical light, and much more.(Seymour M. Hersh, 2004). Moreover, there were detailed witness statements and graphic photo phatic evidence to support these allegations, (Seymour M. Hersh, 2004). Janis Karpinski, an Army reserve brigadier general, was in charge of military prisons in Iraq, although she had never worked within the prison system. Karpinski, was the only female commander in Iraq, she was an experienced operations and intelligence officer who had served with the Special Forces and in the 1991 Gulf War, (Seymour M. Hersh, 2004). She was in charge of three large jails, eight battalions, and thirty-four hundred Army reservists. It is important to understand that, the vast majority had no training in handling prisoners, (Seymour M. Hersh, 2004).In an interview with the St. Petersburg Times, Karpinski affirmed that, for many of the Iraqi inmates at Abu Ghraib, “living conditions now are better in prison than at home”, (Seymour M. Hersh, 2004).


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