Explanation to get satisfaction and pleasure. When the basic

Explanation of ID, ego and super ego as described by Sigmund Freud:Sigmund Freud explained ID, ego and super ego as the three parts of the structure of the personality. He described these as follows:The ID:The „ID? is a Latin word which represents the emotional and irrational part of the mind. It represents the human being?s basic needs which need to be fulfilled immediately without any wait. ID contains al basic needs and feelings so we can say that it is our childish behavior toward anything. It is like „I want it and I want it all now? to get satisfaction and pleasure. When the basic needs of the person are not met, it led to anxiety and frustration.ID equated to child and it has only one rule i.e. “Pleasure Principle”Examples:? A child is hungry, he starts crying and he continuous crying until he is fed. When his basic need is not met, it created anxiety among him and after its fulfillment he becomes satisfied.? Ali was standing in the line of bill and his number was late. He couldn?t wait for it and he broke the line and went on the first without caring that it hurt other people.Ego:To avoid the frustration made by ID, a child must know to see the world realistically. The ego deals with reality. Ego is the balancing of the pleasure and meeting the desires in a way that is socially acceptable. Ego is the balancing power between ID and meeting the demands of society.Example:? Mary wanted to buy a car but she knew that her parent cannot afford it. Knowing the fact she waited for the right time to get the car.? Obaid wanted to wear his brother?s dress. He thought his brother will get angry over it. He waited for it and asked his brother before wearing his dress.Superego:Finally the human personality develops superego which refers to the development of the morals, norms and values. It represents the culture within us. It is about judgment of the right and wrong and telling us that why we cannot have everything that we want. The superego gives us feelings of shame and guilt when we break social rule.Examples:? The cashier at bank received one thousand extra from the customer. Knowing that customer s unaware of it and he could not claim it later, cashier returned it to customer thinking that it is dishonesty.? Obaid is a married person but he remains unfaithful to his wife and takes interest in another girl. Later, he realizes that he is damaging his relationship by doing so and he avoids other girl but still feels guilty for being unfaithful to his wife.So we have noted that ID is always trying to get the all what we want and the superego is feeling of guilt if something is one bad. This means that the Id and ego remain in conflict but the ego can manage these two opposing forces in well managed person.Nature:Nature implies to the contribution of heredity to the human being. It means one?s own tamper and tamper which a parson got in heredity.Nurture:Nurture refers to the learned and trained upbringing of a child. It means one?s learned behavior and tamper.Evaluation of Freud’s model of personality:Freud?s point of view on this topic is that personality development depends both on nature and nurture at the same time. Freud believed that human nature contains uncontrollable basic drives and repressed memories. He further believed that the only way this can happen is by nurture. It is so because not all innate drives are nature but some of them have been brought up through one?s learned upbringing. In this way we can say that Freud?s point of view is supported by both nature and nurture.Freud?s model explains the ID which is purely because of nature e.g. hunger and thirst are all because of nature but if we look at superego we can see that it is learned activity. It is brought up by training of a child. Now if we look at ego it is also a learned activity or it can be a part of some one?s nature.Example:Ali is angry and he wants to hit someone. This is id which is a nature. At the same time Ali realizes that getting angry is against social norms. This is superego which is a trained activity. Here ego manages his anger and controlling it by keeping in mind the conflict of id and superego. So this is how we can consider that Freud?s model of personality is supporting both nature and nurture.


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