EFFECT resistant crop and suitable for dry land farming

EFFECT OF ORGANIC AND INORGANIC FERTILIZERS ON THE
GROWTH AND YIELD OF GREEN GRAM

Introduction:                                                                                                                                    

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Green
gram (Vigna radiata) also known as moong
bean is one of the most important pulse crops in India which is cultivated
since ancient times. Green gram is native to the Indian sub-continent and
central Asia and is grown in these regions over a long decade. It is also
widely cultivated throughout Asia, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh,
sri-lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, South China
andFormosa.

Green
grams are nutritious source of food with 24.7% protein, 0.6% fat, 0.9% fiber
and 3.7 % ash as well as sufficient of calcium, phosphorous and important
vitamins ( Potterand Hotchkiss , 1997).
It can be also grown for the purpose of green manure, hay and cover crops. It
is a bushy plant that can grow up to a height of 30-120 cm and the colour is
usually green but sometimes it can be found in sheds of black and yellow. The
pods are linear sometimes curved, round slender and hairy.

Moong
bean is consumed in the form of split pulse as well as whole pulse which is an
essential supplement of cereal based diet. The biological value improves
greatly when wheat or rice is combined with green gram because of the
complementary relationship of the essential amino acid. It is particularly rich
in Leucine, phenylalanine, lysine, valine, isoleucine etc.  In addition it is also being important source
of human food and animal feed. Green gram is not only significant to human food
and animal feed, but also plays an important role in sustaining soil fertility
by improving the soil physical properties and fixing atmospheric nitrogen. It
is a drought resistant crop and suitable for dry land farming and predominantly
used as an intercrop with additional crops. However, the productivity of these
crops is very low because of their cultivation on marginal and sub marginal
land of low soil fertility where little attention is paid to adequate
fertilization (Saravanan et al., 2013).

India
is the world’s largest produce as well as consumer of green gram. It produces
about 1.5-2.0 million tons of mung annually from about 3-4 million hectare of
area in which it produce an average productivity of about500kg per hectare.
Green gram output accounts for about 10-12% of total pulse production in the
country. Production of green gram in the country is laxdxdrgely concentrated in
the state of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Bihar.
Together it contributes about 70% of the total mung production in the country (GOI.Department of agriculture and
cooperation. 2014-2015)

In
India soil health is one of the most important factors for the production of
crop. Farmer use excessive amount of inorganic fertilizer to plant in order to
achieveda higher yield and high economic return. The most applied fertilizer
are leach down below the root zone, thus farmer are used to applied large
amount of synthetic fertilizer, which caused high pollution level to the ground
water, causing soil damages and finally lead to decreasing crop sustainability,
continues use of chemical fertilizer have had unbalance of soil nutrient and at
long last led to consequences a major constraint of productivity, stability and
sustainability of soil production. Also, Yadav and Meena in 2009 found that
application of inorganic fertilizer 

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