Discuss contemporary world. The religious therapeutic approach involves thetechniques

Discuss the contention that religion can best be understood as a form of therapy.IntroductionFor decades now, there is an outstanding and continuing contention fathoming religion asan aspect of therapeutic designation. In the argument for the hypothesis, Rosmarin et al., statedthat the integration of religion into the therapeutic process incorporates the cognitive as well asphilosophic perspectives and attributes of emotional behavior. According to Kersting, (2003),individuals in most cases consult religion for advice and counsel; the religious people have beenhistorically applying the therapeutic and religion fields to enhance healing and improvement ofhuman well-being. As a result, there was an emergent of the religion therapy by the start of the19 th Century. Religion Therapy refers to the form of counseling that tries to treat the soul, mindand the body of an individual by through the individual belief systems and faith in thesupernatural power to reconnoiter the conflicting fields in life. The people who trust and believein the guiding nature of the higher power stand up to view the religion therapy helpful.Through the application of religion therapy, an individual with an experience withdepression is most likely to get moral conflict in some aspects of life. In instances of anxiety,Surname 2people are vulnerable to experience unconscious actions of self-sabotage. During both thedepression and anxiety state, human beings make use of the religious therapy helps inunrevealing the conflicting aspects and probable mental concerns that may crop up. The studyconducted by William Hathaway, a Christian psychologist in the Regent University of Virginiasays that he was the major therapist in the family whose son suffered from attention-deficithyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Hathaway advised the family on their religious stands, faith, andbeliefs. Realizing that the family was a Jewish and the behavior of the son prevented them fromattending the church services, Hathaway advised from to go back to the Jewish religious rituals."They had made the decision not to and were tearful about it when asked, especially becausenone of their mental health providers had considered it before," says Hathaway (Anderson, 231).After a long discussion with the family on the ramifications of religious in the life of the family,extensively broadened the experience of the family concerning the relationship between therapyand religion. According to Hathaway, religious practices and experiences will strengthen theability of the family to encounter the ADHD condition in the son.Religion as a Therapeutic StrategyThe use of religion as a therapeutic instrument has garnered a little controversy; however,it is still surfacing in the contemporary world. The religious therapeutic approach involves thetechniques of prayers, spiritual journaling, forgiveness procedures, using biblical quotes tocorroborate the emotional and mental habits by aiming at achieving the God’s punitive image(Durham et al., (320).For instance, Hathaway has used the religion-founded forgiveness protocol to aid hisclient to manage the emotional challenges that resulted from the problems inflicted by the friendSurname 3or the family member. The use of the religious teachings of forgiveness helps the clients to avoidunhealthy anger as well as emerge the obnoxious condition without justifying the mistreatment.However, in complementing statement towards the Hathaway's philosophy, Carrie Doehring, a;Psychologist at the Iliff School of Theology in Denver; said that in the course of religionforgiveness protocols implementation, the religion might cause a negative effects on the life ofthe client: believing in God who has angry attribute, should be microscopically observed toprevent the therapy to cause more emotional harm or crisis than before (Maloof, P. (n.d.).For the profound understanding and comprehension of the religion as a therapeuticstrategy, the religious cognitive-emotional therapy; a modern type of psychotherapy wasestablished. In this, the psychologists and psychotherapists have enormously embarked on theresearch to understand the connectivity between the religion and mental health, using religiousinterpositions in psychotherapies. Despite the fact that various forms of religious psychotherapieshave been supposed, there is no comprehensive empirical theory was formulated in this field ofstudy.Religious Cognitive-Emotional TherapyThe Religious Cognitive-Emotional Therapy (RCET) is recognized as the moderncognitive therapy that applies the fundamental religious beliefs as well as insights in conductingthe psychotherapy treatments. Actually, RCET integrates “cognitive, humanistic as well asexistential psychotherapies” that embrace the client’s religious standards and insights. Accordingto the study by Williams, about “Clark OM, Fairburn CG, editors. Science and practice ofcognitive behavior therapy”, RCET stands out to be a critically effective approach topsychotherapy especially for the victims of identity disorders, anxiety, and depression.Surname 4Fundamental Ideology of RCETAs said earlier by Durham et al., (319), the Religious Cognitive-Emotional Therapy(RCET) is the significantly modern strategy of cognitive theory which is founded on theconcepts of religion. As indicated by the cognitive theories, human thinking (cognition), thehuman perception (emotion and effect) and human actions (behavior) form an interactiveapproach with each other. The basic purpose of undertaking cognitive therapy on human beingsis to recognize the maladaptive/irrational thoughts, suppositions as well as beliefs related toincapacitating the negative emotions. Additionally, the cognitive therapy is responsible foridentification of dysfunctional emotions from human mental disabilities. Ultimately, the patientsor victims shed out the irrational, maladaptive and distorted perceptions and instead, replacethem with founded, realistic and self-helping alternatives (Anderson, 223).The two basic theories that provide concepts to the RCET include the Cognitive BehaviorTherapy (CBT), a theory that was created by Aaron T. Beck in 1976 and the theory of RationalEmotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) which was formulated by Albert Ellis in 1962. Beck, Rush,Shaw & Emery gives a detailed description of the thinking errors, irrational, non-resourceful aswell as unrealistic (fictions) thoughts regarding oneself, other people and the universe that hetrusted to be the sources of the emotional depression and unsuitable conducts of humanity.Examples of the thinking errors that Beck addressed include "the black and white thinking,arbitrary inference, selective abstraction, overgeneralization, magnification, and minimization."Therefore, the cognitive therapy aims at identifying and changing the "distorted" or "unrealistic"thinking approaches and instead, to enact the emotions and behaviors. On the other hand, theREBT framework perceives that the human beings' way of thinking and maladaptive beliefs areSurname 5the two factors that are at the core of emotional disturbances experienced. As indicated by Ellis(326) the feelings and behaviors of human beings are determined by the people's belief systemrather the external events.Using the REBT pedagogical approach, the emotional therapists might identify theirrational belief systems and educate the victim how to overcome such maladaptive beliefs daily.Ultimately, the outcome of overcoming self-defeating belief systems in humanity and replacethem with more rational and confounded beliefs results into an effective philosophy. In addition,the CBT and REBT are used in the management of the psychological disorders as indicated instudies such as (Anderson KG. 227). However, the CBT and REBT; cognitive theories lay moreemphasizes on the manner of ideas and events interpretation.Applicability of the Religion as a Therapeutic StrategyAccording to the study by Heinz et al., the religion as a therapeutic approach applies thebasic religious belief systems. These systems form psychological conditions under which thepeople are convincingly introduced to the truth in a suggestion. The beliefs are fundamentallygrounded in religious concepts. The basic religious beliefs are subdivided into three categories inReligious Cognitive-Emotional Therapy (RCET): "God, existence and human beings."Therefore, people loaded with these religious beliefs are capable of answering every importantquestion about "self, others, world, God and interactions between them." When the people getthe answers to their troubling questions, they attain stable and long-lasting hope and faithtowards the universe. In addition, they are able to identify their purpose and distinguish thepurpose of life since they feel articulated to the existence, thus accept the realities. Such peopleSurname 6comprehend the reason for their living, their behavior code and their objectives in life.Consequently, people end up living peacefully without aspects of depression and anxiety.Kersting ‘s research on “Religion and Spirituality in the Treatment Room" suggests thatthe basic religious practices such as prayers, religious meditation and other perspectives ofreligious relationship build up the individual's self-care routine. In case a religious person isseeking treatment, therapist sensitivity is importantly significant in his/her treatment processsince it leads to an extensive examination of the individual in need of treatment and gives anopportunity to the therapist to investigate diverse treatment solutions. Therapists are equippedwith the therapeutic techniques and skills founded on religion, for example, "religion journalingor the forgiveness protocols" and also are capable of providing individuals in therapy withreferences on these topics.According to the Religious Cognitive-Emotional Therapy (RCET) illustrated by Ellis A.,individuals possess duo-dimensional approach in dealing with the emotions: body and psyche.The two dimensions form an interactive and intertwined structure where the body is related tothe psyche. Therefore, in religious psychotherapy under the RCET strategy, psychotherapistsought to integrate the concepts of both psychological and psychological levels. Thepsychological actors have a significant role in various psychological disorders in diverse ways.For instance, in an anxiety disorder, there are several psychological responses that take placeunconditionally like escalating pulse rate and unpleasant sensations. Such unconditionedemotional responses can cause classical conditioning reflex. As indicated by the RCET theoreticframework, the classical conditioning caused by physical injuries or psychological symptomsmight cause anxiety and related psychological disorders (Beck AT. 78)Surname 7An Example Religious TherapyThe case example of the application of the RCET is the grieving religious mother intherapy. After a long struggle with cancer, Doris mother passes away. Doris, 42, commencestherapy for misery counseling. Doris discloses to the therapist that despite that her mother was areligious woman, and continually asked her to develop a strong faith in God, Doris never becamereligious. The religious contention between Doris and her late mother continued till when hermother met her demise. The therapist requested for more information and Doris confirms thatshe begrudged her mother's religiousness, which her mother was forcefully pushing her into.Doris's hoes arise when she starts to reconsider that her mother was right (being religious)therefore, she is secretly afraid she is "in trouble with God." Doris' fear was infringed by hermother's dying statement that Doris, "embrace the love of God," as a result, Doris experiencesmany discomforts with respect to her mother's wish. The therapist successfully helps Doris toexpress her worries regarding the mother in the contextual of other sophisticated sentiments.With the help of a therapist, Doris is capable of clarifying her personal spiritual beliefs, whichdoesn't aim at a specific religion or higher power but rather is centered in the exploration of theessential life questions about death, life and her purpose or place in the world. Finally, thetherapist was able to help Doris to accept her inability to satisfy the death wish of her mother andembrace the normalcy of their diverse belief systems.ConclusionThe Religious Cognitive Emotional Theory (RCET) illustrates that in case people haveattained physical health, their thoughts, as well as their daily belief systems, are realistic.Otherwise, such people have no sense of personal purpose of life as well as the meaning of life.Surname 8Several questions crisscross their minds; when they fail to answer such essential life questions;they cannot possess "healthy emotions, behaviors, and feeling of comfort and satisfaction in theirlives." Thus, in everyone's struggle to seek the meaning of their lives, existence, and God, haveto attain the essential life questions. According to Kersting, (2003), such questions include,"where did we come from? Why did we come to this world? Where are we going? Who createdthe world and existence? Who is God? Who is the creator of existence?" In case one fails toanswer such questions, makes them pursue a meaningless life that consequently results inidentity crisis and confusion.Surname 9Work CitedAnderson KG. Cognitive behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety in a 6- year- old. Clin CaseStud. 2004; 3:216–233.41.Beck AT. Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International UniversitiesPress; 1976.Durham RC, Murphy T, Allan T, Richard K, Treliving LR, Fenton GW. Cognitive therapy,analytic psychotherapy, and anxiety management training for generalized anxietydisorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2014; 165:315–323.Ellis A. Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York: Lyle Stuart; 1962.Heinz, Adrienne J., et al. "A focus-group study on spirituality and substance-user treatment."Substance use & misuse 45.1-2 (2010): 134-153.Kersting, K. Religion, and Spirituality in the Treatment Room. Monitor on Psychology, 2003.Maloof, P. (n.d.). Body/Mind/Spirit: Toward a Biopsychosocial-Spiritual Model of Health.Retrieved from http://nccc.georgetown.edu/body_mind_spirit/index.htmlRosmarin, David H., et al. "Incorporating spiritual beliefs into a cognitive model of worry."Journal of clinical psychology 67.7 (2011): 691-700.Williams JMG. Depression. In: Clark OM, Fairburn CG, editors. Science and practice ofcognitive behavior therapy. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2007.Beck AT, Rush AJ, Shaw BF, Emery G. Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford


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