CHAPTER a specific lesson for recitation or the homework

 

CHAPTER
1

THE
PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING

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Introduction

            Students play a crucial role in the society. They serve
as the foundation of the future generations. A student’s main purpose is to
study and acquire information to contribute to self-growth and be able to share
knowledge to others. The easiest way to learn, other than home, is going to
school. Schools are institutions made specifically for learning. Memory
retention is very essential in learning especially in situations when you have
to recall a specific lesson for recitation or the homework that the teacher
gave before leaving the school premises.

            In
the past, where there’s little or almost no modes of transportation available,
students walk their way to their respective schools even if it’s miles away.
But thanks to the innovative emergence of alternative means, different modes of
transportation are now accessible to everyone, especially students.

            As
time flies, more and more vehicles (both private and public) now occupy the
streets of the Philippines, specifically in Manila. According to CNN
Philippines (2015), Manila topped the longest minute spent in commuting survey
conducted by a GPS-based navigation app called Waze and named Manila, a city
that has the “worst traffic on Earth”. The Philippines also ranked ninth in
worst places to drive. This issue does not only apply to the workers but for
the students also who commute on a regular basis to go to their respective
schools or universities.

            Not
only does traffic and other modes of transportation hindrances can affect
student’s academic performance, this study seek to find out if there is a
relationship between the respondent’s home distance and memory retention.

Theoretical
Framework

            Several theories have been used to understand how the
memory functions. As well as how these people affects physically and
emotionally because several phenomena.

Theory
on How Memory Functions

Scientists don’t entirely grasp how
the memory organizes. They can’t predict what occurs while recalling a memory. The
brain’s organization and storage of memories have been an infinite journey for
cognitive researchers for decades but have enough theories to formulate
educated guesses regarding the subject.

According to Mohs (2007), the process
of memory starts with encoding, then progress its way to storage and finally,
retrieval. Formation of memory begins specifically through sensory and
perception, and requires paying attention.

            It
will be then stored in short term memory which is known to have small
capacities. Essential learning may be transported to long term memory,
especially when used frequently. Long term memory is known to store unlimited
memories that make it easier to recall when needed. Experts find difficulty in identifying
the difference between true forgetting and failed retrieval of specific
information stored in the long term memory.

 

             

           

           

 

Conceptual
Framework

            Figure 1 presents the research paradigm of the study. The
input variables show the demographic profile of respondents in terms of age, sex,
strand and distance from school. Process covers the steps needed for analyzing
data from respondents. Finally, the output presents the significant correlation
between home distance and memory retention.

INPUT

 

PROCESS

 

OUTPUT

 

Demographic
Profile of Respondents
1.1.Age
1.2.Sex
1.3.Strand
1.4.Distance from School

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statement
of the Problem

This study aims to find out the
correlation on the effects of home distance on memory retention of Senior High
School Students of Polytechnic University of the Philippines.

Specifically, it wants to answer the
following questions:

1.   
What
is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of the following
variables

1.1.       
Age

1.2.       
Sex

1.3.       
Strand

1.4.       
Distance
from school

2.   
 How many hours do the respondents allot for
travel from home to school

3.   
Does
home distance affect the respondents’ memory retention

Hypothesis

            The
researchers formulated a null hypothesis that there is no correlation between
home distance of Senior High School students of Polytechnic University of the
Philippines and memory retention.

Scope
and Limitations of the Study

            This study is delimited to Polytechnic University of the
Philippines, Sta. Mesa Main campus only. Through this setting, the students in
Senior High School from different strands were drawn. Generalization of the
study’s findings is limited to PUP and other schools in Manila in which the
students have similar situations.

            The
other limitation is that time and funds for conducting this research were
limited. This is the reason why only one campus and only Senior High school
students are involved.

Significance
of the Study

            The results of this study may benefit the following

Students. Through this study, students,
especially those who are obligated to provide greater time and effort in going
to school would be informed of the possible effects on memory retention of
their home distances to schools.

Teachers.
The findings of this
study may help the teachers derive teaching strategies that will be more
successful and effective for the students. It may also improve their
understanding on the students who have live in greater distances from school.

Psychologists.
As this study
involves cognitive aspects, specifically memory, the professionals such as the
psychologists can improve the scope of this study and provide more general
conclusions.

Department
of Transportation and Communications (DOTC). The findings of this study may help this sect of
government address transportation hindrances and derive for further development
and improvement of overall transport systems in the country.

Commuters.
Through this study,
commuters will be aware that home distances and travel may or may not affect
their memory retention. Through this, they can address the possible effects
even in the middle of the traffic.

Future
Researchers. For
those researchers in the future that will conduct a similar study to the
subject of this research, the findings will be beneficial to them as a source
of reference and comparison of data gathered.

Definition
of Terms

For a better understanding of the
research, the following terms are provided with their operational definitions.

                Memory is the concept in which
information is perceived or encoded by the human brain and stored for later
retrieval.

Retention is the ability in keeping or
preserving experiences and learning that makes a recall or recognition.

Hindrance is an act of making or
causing vehicles to stop, preventing motorist to move forward.

Traffic Congestion is a term that
describes an act being stocked in the midst of slow moving vehicles.

 

 

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