Caleb Okyere Mrs. Parmelly English IV-2 15 November 2017

Caleb
Okyere

Mrs.
Parmelly

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English
IV-2

15
November 2017

HIV/AIDS THREAT TO SOCITIY

In
the early 1980’s a new disease most common around the urban gay men appeared in
America, thought to have come from human beings in Central Africa in the 1920’s.
It was first diagnosed in five gay men in 1981, and now list as the 4th
leading cost of death worldwide .Every year that number grows. A person can get
Aids by having sex. The disease began with five gay men in Los Angeles whom had
an uncommon type Pneumonia, around the same time New York had five gay guys
that were diagnosed with Aids also in California. The number of people that had
this grew as time went on, killing millions of people a year, especially in
Africa. According to UNAIDS, in 2003 there
were more than 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS and that keeps getting
bigger.

Aids
was discovered nearly three decades ago and every it expands and keep affecting
people more and more every day ,especially in Africa. The Sub-Saharan part of
Africa has the highest case of people with aids. HIV usually occurs in
countries with poverty, migration, economic instability and low levels of
literacy. It make it easier for those countries to get Aids because they don’t
have the education and money required to prevent themselves for contracting
Aids, but the proper and education with out the fund can also help a lot,
especially knowing when and how to wash their hands, knowing the type of things
the should and shouldn’t put in their bodies. There are a lot of thing they can
do to try keep them for contracting this vicious disease that has been killing
millions of people for about 30 years.

People
say that there was not enough political effect on the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Ronald
Regan was criticized for not playing a big part in solving the problem, which
was the rapid increase with people with HIV/AIDS. It was believed that his little
role played in the decline of HIV/AIDS was due to the fact that the disease was
mostly found is gay men at that time. He was held responsible for the deaths of
millions of people. Uganda was one of the first country in the SSA to see a
decline of HIV/AIDS in their country, by promoting the use of condoms in the
early 1990s. Uganda also made an Aids Commission, which was established in
1992.  Uganda noticed how big of a
problem aids was earlier than other SSA countries.

Thabo
Mbeki the president of South Africa was also criticized for his lack of effect
on the decline of HIV/AID in the SSA. His lack of effort to help decrease the
number of people with AIDS, was fueled by his skepticism of the cause of the disease.
Most leader in other countries failed to noticed how big of a problem HIV/AIDS
was in its early stages. Which helped increase the number of people with
HIV/AIDS….  Assistance has been assembled
from some of the wealthiest countries in the world as well as from international
and private organizations. This can only serve as a positive support for the
fight against AIDS.  Yet there is some
question as to whether certain nations are doing all that they can and whether
the ways in which they choose to contribute are the most effective ways
possible.

.
The politics surrounding HIV/AIDS are complicated and are threatened by action
or inaction dictated by what is politically popular and profitable rather than
what is most effective, because the epidemic is most uncontrolled in poor areas
of the world, globally funded programs bolstered by wealthier nations are key
to the fight against HIV/AIDS.  Given the
long-term requirements of treating AIDS patients worldwide as well as
maintaining prevention and awareness programs, the likelihood of changing
political climates is strong.  The future
of the AIDS crisis is uncertain, but will certainly rely on continuous
political and governmental support.

The
most effective way to fight against HIV/AIDS IS TO MAKE ARV drugs available to
almost everyone, everywhere.  As the
infection begins to gain recognition as a pandemic among those infected and
those living in areas with high infection rates, there will be a higher
inclination to get involved in testing and treatment. Also, with the prospect
of life ahead for those infected or at risk of infection.

    “UNAIDS and the World Health Organization
(WHO), two major forces in the growing, united, global effort to fight
HIV/AIDS, have committed to the 3 by 5 Initiative.  The initiative was an ambitious campaign
aiming to treat 3 million people with ARV drugs by the year 2005.  Already, by 2002, access to ARV drugs had increased
50% worldwide (17), and the 3 by 5 Initiative has the potential to save
millions more.  Yet treating 3 million
appears less significant when reminded of the 40 million worldwide that are
infected.  And a recent “Progress Report”
issued by WHO has indicated that funding for the initiative has been slow to
materialize and the program has not made the strides it had hoped to by the end
of 2003 (17).  The slow start of the
initiative is disconcerting as infection rates are only expected to climb and
those living with ARVs tend to require more expensive medicines the longer they
receive treatment.”

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