Anatomy or sites (body parts) are, and how to

Anatomy is defined as the study and understanding of the structures of living organisms while physiology is the study of how the different structures within said organism functions (What Is Anatomy, Marieb & Hoen, 2016). The concept of anatomy can be applied beyond the study of humans; it can also be applicable to plants and animals. There are a vast range of health and public health areas that are concerned with human anatomy and physiology. In my current career, I am a Health Education Specialist implementing local legislation for the Access to Emergency Epinephrine in Schools Act across all Public and Public Charter School in the District of Columbia. I train educators on how to properly enact emergency protocol, successfully administer epinephrine, and how to recognize signs and symptoms. In my current capacity I must first understand the chemical structure and breakdown of the drug epinephrine, any drug-to-drug related adverse reactions this is also known as drug physiology. Within anatomy (form) I must know where the proper drug routes or sites (body parts) are, and how to properly inject the medication, well enough to teach it to others. For example, epinephrine can be injected subcutaneously (under the skin) or intramuscularly (into the muscle) in the upper appendicular parts of the body (brachial) or the lower appendicular parts (femoral) (Marieb & Hoen, 2016) (Epineprhine Injection, n.d.). After the administration of epinephrine, one must also understand the drug path and the different organs and organ systems that will be impacted in order for allergy symptoms/ anaphylaxis to subside. I must also be knowledgeable about the effects of epinephrine to the body after it has been administered and how the body may react or function after the drug has entered the body (physiology). In my future career I will be studying pharmacy and to become a pharmacist. Pharmacy is known as the study of the interaction of drugs within living systems, it focuses on the composition and therapeutic use, and the toxicity, effects, of drug and how it impacts the form and function of the different systems in the human body (2011).  It is imperative for pharmacist to understand the anatomy and physiology of humans because pharmacy touches on diverse areas in the human body. According to the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, pharmacists must be broadly trained in biology, chemistry, and more applied areas of medicine to include human anatomy (2011). Below are a few questions that arise in relation to pharmacy and how it is important to human anatomy and physiology.How is medicine are absorbed by the body?How medicine works in the body once absorbed?What happens to the body when there is an adverse reaction to absorbed/digested medication?What and where determines how medicine is administered?Pharmacy uses medicine to assist the body in functioning optimally. An overall understanding of human anatomy and physiology helps to easily identify a problem to quickly address when the body is not performing at optimal levels. A pharmacist would need to know which medications will improve performance and assist a patient in getting out of the disease end of the spectrum and back to homeostasis.


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