AJAYI SOPHIE TOLA
USING PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND RESEARCH, DISCUSS AND REVIEW THE MAIN CONCEPTS OF I/O PSYCHOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND RESEARCH, DISCUSS AND REVIEW THE MAIN CONCEPTS OF I/O PSYCHOLOGY IN THE WORKPLACE.
Work place and people
I/O psychology explained
History on i/o
Psychological theory and research
Conclusions and views
Is a short term for term industrial and organizational psychology and this is a field of science that deals majorly with the study of human behavior in the workplace, mentally and emotionally, physical to and all other forms that involves workplace behavior (Spector, 2008, Jex 2002)
WORKPLACE AND PEOPLE
Having a responsibility in any organization gives man a sense of character, and this distinguishes him and may tend to derive a term to which he might be referred to as “responsible”, work has been seen as a part of humanity that promotes ones socio economic status and gives one a sense of belonging and a label.” Philosophers may translate such vernacular lines into “I work, therefore I am.”(Green, 1993)
Having an occupation or something to do on a daily basis be a huge responsibility, heading a group of companies in partnerships, supervising a significant number of people, overseeing a large project or participating in one, having the huge workload and ensuring a goal is met is a huge part of everyday life, having to be liable for anything and being in charge of a particular work situation has been termed to be an essential human requirement in order to function, asides from the fact that a significant financial gain is incurred in which helps to meet the daily needs and wants of individual e.g. primary needs ,regular food shelter and clothing, secondary needs car, shopping expenses, vacation etc. in essence, work is a variant, but the reason people still find the need to have one is what makes it unique in everyway possible, and how everyone can relate to it knowing there is a need from being part of an organization that they are part of knowing the tremendous advantage it bring them.
Industrial and organizational psychology if split in two to be explained individually would be as follows
Industrial and organizational psychology are intertwined, the industrial aspect majorly channels towards organizational behavior in respect of the organizations progression, this aspect also involves, hiring, training and practices, professional selection, etc, the major aim here is to improve on the organizations goals and select the right applicants and team to fulfill that.
The organizational arm on the other hand focuses mainly on the employees, this takes major steps in ensuring that the employees are comfortable enough to function in the work environment, it could also include ensuring there are motivations in place to properly secure the well being of the employees (Spector, 2008, Jex, 2002). One way or the other these two separate but aligned topics have one or more things In common, and one of them is the fact that without a proper work environment the staff cannot function, and that deters the organizations goals, and also when the wrong people are employed the organizations suffers the set backs as well, in this context I like the quote “pay peanuts and get monkeys” (James goldsmith)
HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
It is presumed to have started out in the United States and a few other countries in the inception basically Wilhelm Wundt, who founded a psychological laboratory in 1876 in Leipzig, Germany, he further nurtured two other psychologists who further brought industrial / organizational psychology to lime light, they are Hugo Munsterberg and James Mckeen Cattell, however Mckeen Cattell worked at the same inststute (Caregie institute of technology) with Walter Dill Scott, the president of American Psychology Institute, and they began advance discoveries on expanding their discovery. Fast forward to the World War 1, where there was a need to disperse army men to various strategic points, Scott and Bingham were able to place over one million men and they were able to achieve this by the knowledge of the industrial organizational psychology they had been working on, but they had advanced on it and had a peculiar testing system called the Army Alpha and this was in 1917, and it was successful enough to earn its own name and system of operation, to the extent that industries and organizations began to adapt the system of testing.
Industrial psychology however got its footing in 1924 Elton Mayo was in United States
Archie Green (1993) , Wobblies, pile, butts and other heroes , university of Illinois press
Jex, S (2002). Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach. Retrieved from the University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
Spector, P (2008). Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Research and Practice (5th ed). Retrieved from the University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
Wesley Meacham (2017) history of industrial and organizational psychology https://owlcation.com/social-sciences/History-of-Industrial-and-Organizational-Psychology