This dissertation would not have been possible without the support of many people. A sincere thanks to my Head of the Department, Dr. Sarwat Sultana, who not only helped with numerous revisions, but also was a great mentor and pushed me to learn andexcel in each step of the dissertation process. Dr. Irum was always very supportive, flexible, patient, and understanding. Thanks to the University Office of Student Research Administration and Institutional Research Board for their role, and especially the student examination controller Dr, Rizwana Amin for Helping in my dissertation. I would also like to thank the internee staff for their support, particularly Mam Sana. A special thanks to an amazing person, Dr, Ashraf who supported me throughout my dissertation pursuit and was a great help with distributing my research flyer Finally, I would like to thank my family and friends for their constant love and support throughout the years.
This dissertation is lovingly dedicated to my parents. This is for my mom, Shahnaz Shafi, whose support, words of encouragement, and push for perseverance got me through the challenges and obstacles faced throughout the entire undergraduate duration. In fact, it was my mom who gave me the courage to pursue in university studies. This accomplishment is in memory of my mother, whose belief in diligence and pursuit of academic excellence inspired me to stay driven in accomplishing this goal. I could not be more blessed in life than to have such wonderful parents.
Behavioural addiction towards mobile phones is now termed as Nomophobia. Nomophobia is an emerging behavioural addiction among student populations, mainly adolescents. It is manifested as symptoms of psychological and physical dependency. Nomophobia is the fear of being out of mobile phone contact. While smart phones and related mobile technologies are recognized as flexible and powerful tools that, when used prudently, can augment human memory and sleep there is also a growing perception that habitual involvement with these devices may have a negative and lasting impact on users’ ability to think, remember, pay attention, regulate emotion and problems in sleeping. The present review considers an intensifying, though still limited, area of research exploring the potential impacts of smart phone on memory and on sleep. Adolescent sleep needs range from 8.5–10 hours per night, with older adolescents requiring less sleep than younger adolescents. Cellular phone use is emerging as an important factor that interferes with both sleep quality and quantity, particularly as smart phone become more widely available to teens. We focus our review primarily on two facets of cognition that are clearly implicated in public discourse regarding the impacts of mobile technology – memory, and sleep disturbances – and then consider evidence regarding the broader relationships between smart phone habits and everyday memory and sleep problems. Along the way, we highlight compelling findings, discuss limitations with respect to empirical methodology and interpretation, and offer suggestions for how the field might progress toward a more coherent and robust area of scientific inquiry. Smart phone addiction bad affects on the people especially on adolescents. Those who are addicted faced many and physical and cognitive problems including memory and sleep problems. People may recover from physical disease but they suffer from cognitive disorders long time. The present study also aimed to explore the effect of smart addiction or Nomophobia on memory and on their sleep. Sample was consisted of 160 smart phone users both males and females. Sample was taken from different educational institutes of Multan. To measure memory, sleep disturbances and anxiety (nomophobia) the value able scales named Everyday Memory questionnaire, GSDS and NMPQ respectively. SPSS 17 version used. Correlation and Independent sample regression test is used to analyze the data. After results the study indicates that nomophobia or smart phone addiction has significant impact on sleep and or everyday memory or working memory.