Abstract that the lactating women had lower circulating glucose


The objective of the CARDIA study was to find out the relationship
between the lactation period and the onset of diabetes (Gunderson et al., 2018).

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In addition, the study was looking at the correlation between the duration of
lactation time (LT) and the likelihood of onset diabetes (Gunderson et al.,
2018).The thirty-year study was based on conducting up to seven biochemical examinations
before and after pregnancy (Gunderson et al., 2018).In total, 1238 women of the
white and black origin were categorized in one of the four lactation duration periods
across all given births and 138 onset diabetes cases were recorded (Gunderson
et al., 2018).There was a twenty-five risk reduction for lactation periods of
less than six months and a forty-seven for lactation periods of more than six
months (Gunderson et al., 2018).Also, there was more than a two percent per year
increase in getting diabetes for woman with a history of gestational diabetes
(GD) history compared to the half a percent per year among the women with no GD
history(Gunderson et al., 2018). In the study, the diabetes occurrence rate was
three times higher for the group of black woman than the white group, whereas
the link between the LT and onset diabetes risk did not differ between races (Gunderson
et al., 2018). It was confirmed that the lactating women had lower circulating
glucose levels and insulin secretion due to their glucose going into their
mammary glands for milk secretion via a non-insulin mediated path (Gunderson et
al., 2018). Furthermore, the results showed that the mothers’ weight loss could
not explain the 47% reduction of risk for onset diabetes (Gunderson et al.,
2018). The deficiencies of this study included the mothers’ self-reported the
problems they experienced during pregnancy and the haphazard timing of assessments
related to pregnancy (Gunderson et al., 2018).The study concluded that the lactation
process can be used as an effective method for preventing diabetes.           

(Gunderson et al., 2018)

5 Benefits of Reading the
Science Article as Opposed to Reading the News Article

Firstly, the science article published in JAMA contains an unabridged
and a complete version of the original investigation. The important benefit of
reading the science article is that it is written in a standardized way and
explains in full detail the objective, design, setting, participants and the results
of the lactation duration and progression of diabetes (Gunderson et al., 2018)

whereas the news article contains only information from
certain sections and only included some of the results discovered. Secondly,
the science article is peer-reviewed which is important because the
subject-matter experts (SME) reviewed the researchers’ work and provided
feedback on consistency, quality and content. For the news article there is no
indication that it was reviewed by experts in scientific research and so it did
not go through a similar process of scrutiny by SME. Thirdly, the scientific
article is written by experts in the field of research. For example, the
article written in JAMA is written by Gunderson, Lewis, Lin, Sorel and other authors
who all have PhD’s. In comparison, the news Article is written by a nurse named
Troy Brown who may not have the expertise in this field. Therefore, reading the
news article gives the reader more assurance that the study about diabetes is
explained properly. Fourthly, by reading the science article the reader can
refer to the reference section in the article if they would like to get more
information about something that was referenced in the article. For example, on
page nine and ten of the research article there are over 55 references that are
included (Gunderson et al., 2018). In contrast, the news article only makes reference
to the JAMA article but does not include the other references that were used in
the JAMA article. Fifthly, the science article includes all the result found
whole the news article highlights only some of the results. For example, the science
article states that black woman have a 4.7% risk in diabetes whereas white
woman have 0.8% risk (Gunderson et al., 2018)


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