A qualitative research is a study that is used to help understand social or human issues in a natural real setting by getting detailed feedback by real participants

A qualitative research is a study that is used to help understand social or human issues in a natural real setting by getting detailed feedback by real participants. There are multiple qualitative research methods such as naturalistic observation, ethnographic inquiry, focus groups, interview studies, narrative studies, case studies, artifact analysis, historiographies, symbolic interaction, grounded theory, and participation action research. The naturalistic observation is a method that allows researchers to observe how participants naturally act in a more natural setting, this method is more appropriate to use when a researcher wants to know how a certain group of people interact and/or behave while in a natural setting. An example of a naturalistic observation is a researcher observing a dog that is playing outside at the park. The ethnographic inquiry is a research method that researchers use while trying to get more insight on a specific culture and/or those who are associated with the culture, this method is most appropriate to use whenever a researcher wants to know about a certain culture and/or a better outlook on the culture by associating himself with those who are involved. An example of ethnographic inquiry is a researcher visiting the Yoruba tribe in Africa, while visiting this tribe his was accepted as a member of it and could interact with those associated with the culture. The focus group method is a method used to know how a small group who share the similar life experiences and/or characteristics and uses that to an advantage of seeing how they feel about a certain topic. The focus group method is most appropriate to use when a researcher wants to know how a small group of people who share the same experiences or characteristics feel about a certain discussion or topic. An example of a focus group is 8 African American teenagers discussing how they feel about police brutality. The interview study method is a method used to gain/collect more information regarding someone’s life, its in sometimes used with other methods. The interview studies method is most appropriate to use when a researcher wants to conclude about someone. An example of interview studies is a researcher conducting an interview with someone regarding their personal life and using a set of questions that will allows them to gain more insight, analyze and come to a conclusion. The narrative study is used by researchers to describe someone’s life by using their personal experiences to do so. The narrative study is most appropriate to use when a researcher wants to understand more about someone’s life by listening to their personal experiences in order to gain a better understanding that will allow them to describe it. . An example of a narrative study is someone telling me about all their childhood trauma and by them doing this I am using the information to describe their life. A case study is to observe and note someone’s behavior to get a better understanding of their behavior and how it is causes them to behave a certain way. A case study is most appropriate when trying to understand why someone has a certain behavior and someone wants to understand why. An example of a case study is a researcher observing a young child’s irritable and depressive moods and coming up with a hypothesis to support their diagnoses. The artifact analysis method is study and analyze the preference of a group by using text-based items. An example of artifact analysis it going to book store and conducting a survey to see what genre of books is the most preferred. The historiographies method is to determine what happened in the past by collecting data. The historiographies method is most appropriate to use when someone is trying to recreate past events. An example of historiographies is wanting to know about things that have happened in the past with Abraham Lincoln, so I start to read his diaries and books about him and things that have occurred in his life. The purpose of symbolic interaction is to give meaning to symbols and how they affect humans. Symbolic interaction is most appropriate when trying to understand the meaning of symbols in a certain social group and does the symbols mean to the group. An example of symbolic interaction is the cross and how different religion interpret the meaning of it. The purpose of the participatory action research was to see how situations can be improved by using action to help improve them. Participatory action research is most appropriate to use when a researcher is trying to find out how something will affect someone’s behaviors. An example of participatory action research is trying to find out how providing low income school with better school materials will affect them.

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