4) The last group is the LGBT elderly who are twice likely to be single and around three to four times less likely to have children (Sage, 2018). Due to stigma and discrimination, they have less family support compared to those from normal families as most of their family members would shy away from them (Sarah, 2017). They tend to rely heavily on friends, which is why they are more likely to become socially isolated than others from the heterosexual group. These group of elderly is also not likely to have any children to take care of them. This is quite similar to the first group who are not married and did not have any children.
Since young, these group of LGBT elderly have faced stigmatisation. Many of them had to live in the life of being discriminated and they have to deal with many problems. As they grow old, it is likely they have higher chance of getting mental illness. One of the major problems for them is having difficulty to find LGBT friendly community which supports them to age well and avoid social isolation (Sage, 2018). They tend to avoid or delay any form of medical help as they fear of discrimination and they do not trust the health and social service agencies due to their sexual orientation (Soon & Ilan, 2016).
In terms of financial and legal issues, the LGBTs are also lacking in help as not many organisations would hire them due to their sexual orientation. If they are being hired, there would also be disparities in terms of their salaries and rights. They also do not have the same access to the social programs that are traditionally established to support elderly (Soon & Ilan, 2016).
This area of support is indeed lacking for the LGBTs based on one of the studies made on social workers in Singapore. There are nine out of ten social workers who felt that they lacked the training to help the LGBT, moreover the LGBT elderly. In the publication of the International Social Work journal by six authors from universities and voluntary welfare organisations,